Number of found documents: 6377
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Supported Liquid Membranes for Hollow-Fibre Based Microextraction and Voltammetric Determination of Neuroblastoma Biomarkers
Josypčuk, Bohdan; Barek, J.; Josypčuk, Oksana
2018 - English
A new type of tubular detector (TD+AuxE) was proposed, fabricated, tested and compared\nwith a typical silver amalgam tubular detector developed earlier. Non-stop-flow differential\npulse voltammetric anodic stripping method (AS-DPV) and amperometric method in a\nglucose oxidase biosensor arrangement were tested. Both detectors were applied for AS-DPV\nmeasurements in flow systems for the first time. The proposed combination of tubular\ndetector with auxiliary electrode provides a much greater current response than the classic\narrangement with three individual electrodes. All relevant parameters (potentials of\naccumulation or detection, flow rate, analyte concentrations, shielding sleeve length, etc.)\nwere optimized for the developed TD+AuxE. Keywords: Flow analysis; Amperometry; Voltammetry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Supported Liquid Membranes for Hollow-Fibre Based Microextraction and Voltammetric Determination of Neuroblastoma Biomarkers

A new type of tubular detector (TD+AuxE) was proposed, fabricated, tested and compared\nwith a typical silver amalgam tubular detector developed earlier. Non-stop-flow differential\npulse voltammetric ...

Josypčuk, Bohdan; Barek, J.; Josypčuk, Oksana
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2018

Monitoring of enzymatic enantioselective acetylation of gem-difluorinated alcohols by capillary electrophoresis
Šolínová, Veronika; Pomeisl, Karel; Lamatová, Nikola; Pohl, Radek; Brabcová, Jana; Krečmerová, Marcela; Kašička, Václav
2018 - English
A new fast and highly efficient capillary electrophoretic (CE) method has been developed for chiral analysis of non-charged gem-difluorinated alcohol (3-(benzyloxy)-1,1-difluoro-propan-2-ol) using sulfobutylether-β-CD as chiral selector. The method was applied for monitoring of enzymatic (lipase mediated) enantioselective acetylation of the above alcohol and for determination of enantiomeric purity of both substrates and products of the enzymatic reaction. Keywords: enantioselective acetylation; difluorinated alcohols; capillary electrophoresis Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Monitoring of enzymatic enantioselective acetylation of gem-difluorinated alcohols by capillary electrophoresis

A new fast and highly efficient capillary electrophoretic (CE) method has been developed for chiral analysis of non-charged gem-difluorinated alcohol (3-(benzyloxy)-1,1-difluoro-propan-2-ol) using ...

Šolínová, Veronika; Pomeisl, Karel; Lamatová, Nikola; Pohl, Radek; Brabcová, Jana; Krečmerová, Marcela; Kašička, Václav
Ústav organické chemie a biochemie, 2018

Optimization of photochemical vapor generation of molybdenum as a sample introduction for ICP-MS
Šoukal, Jakub; Musil, Stanislav
2018 - English
Conditions of photochemical vapor generation of molybdenum with ICP-MS detection have been in detail investigated. Keywords: ICP-MS; molybdenum; photochemical vapor generation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Optimization of photochemical vapor generation of molybdenum as a sample introduction for ICP-MS

Conditions of photochemical vapor generation of molybdenum with ICP-MS detection have been in detail investigated.

Šoukal, Jakub; Musil, Stanislav
Ústav analytické chemie, 2018

Mikroreaktorová příprava chemických specialit stereoselektivní hydrogenací v přítomnosti iontových kapalin.
Hejda, Stanislav; Stavárek, Petr; Klusoň, Petr; Vychodilová, Hana; Vlček, Dalibor; Bendová, Magdalena
2018 - Czech
Keywords: microreaktor; ionic liquid; hydrogenation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Mikroreaktorová příprava chemických specialit stereoselektivní hydrogenací v přítomnosti iontových kapalin.

Hejda, Stanislav; Stavárek, Petr; Klusoň, Petr; Vychodilová, Hana; Vlček, Dalibor; Bendová, Magdalena
Ústav chemických procesů, 2018

Affinity capillary electrophoresis applied to chiral separations of diquats and to determination of the stability constants of their complexes with sulfated cyclodextrins
Kašička, Václav; Bílek, Jan; Koval, Dušan; Sázelová, Petra; Talele, Harish Ramesh; Severa, Lukáš; Reyes Gutierrez, Paul Eduardo; Teplý, Filip
2018 - English
Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) using an aqueous 22/35 mM sodium/phosphate buffer, pH 2.5, as the background electrolyte (BGE), and 6 mM randomly highly sulfated alpha-, beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins (CDs) as chiral selectors has been successfully applied for separation of (P)- and (M)-enantiomers of a series of eleven new diquats (DQs) and for estimation of the strength of their complexes with the above CDs. The apparent stability constants of the DQs-CDs complexes were determined from the simultaneous ACE measurements of the dependence of effective electrophoretic mobilities of (P)- and (M)-enantiomers of DQs on the concentrations of CDs in the BGE by nonlinear regression analysis. The DQs enantiomers formed strong complexes with all three types of CDs with the apparent stability constants in the range (7.80 547.4) × 103 L/mol. Keywords: affinity capillary electrophoresis; chiral separations; diquats Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Affinity capillary electrophoresis applied to chiral separations of diquats and to determination of the stability constants of their complexes with sulfated cyclodextrins

Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) using an aqueous 22/35 mM sodium/phosphate buffer, pH 2.5, as the background electrolyte (BGE), and 6 mM randomly highly sulfated alpha-, beta- and ...

Kašička, Václav; Bílek, Jan; Koval, Dušan; Sázelová, Petra; Talele, Harish Ramesh; Severa, Lukáš; Reyes Gutierrez, Paul Eduardo; Teplý, Filip
Ústav organické chemie a biochemie, 2018

Determination of stability constants of antamanide complexes with sodium and potassium ions by affinity capillary electrophoresis
Pangavhane, Sachin; Böhm, S.; Makrlík, E.; Ruzza, P.; Kašička, Václav
2018 - English
Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) was applied for quantitative investigation of the interactions between important biomolecule, cyclic decapeptide antamanide (AA), cycl[-Val(1)-Pro(2)-Pro(3)-Ala(4)-Phe(5)-Phe(6)-Pro(7)-Pro(8)-Phe(9)-Phe(10)-], and sodium and potassium cations in methanol. Apparent stability constants of AA complexes with these alkali metal ions were determined from the dependence of effective mobility of AA on the concentration of these ions in the background electrolyte by the non-linear regression analysis. The AA complexes with Na+ and K+ ions were found to be relatively weak, with the apparent stability constants 343 L/mol and 35 L/mol, respectively. Keywords: affinity capillary electrophoresis; antamanide; binding constant Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Determination of stability constants of antamanide complexes with sodium and potassium ions by affinity capillary electrophoresis

Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) was applied for quantitative investigation of the interactions between important biomolecule, cyclic decapeptide antamanide (AA), ...

Pangavhane, Sachin; Böhm, S.; Makrlík, E.; Ruzza, P.; Kašička, Václav
Ústav organické chemie a biochemie, 2018

Separation of rotamers of 5-nitrosopyrimidines by capillary electrophoresis
Štěpánová, Sille; Procházková, Eliška; Čechová, Lucie; Žurek, Jiří; Janeba, Zlatko; Dračínský, Martin; Kašička, Václav
2018 - English
A new capillary electrophoresis (CE) method was developed for the separation of a new type of stereoisomers - rotamers of polysubstituted 5-nitrosopyrimidine derivatives. Partial separation of some rotamers was obtained in sodium borate, pH 9.3, or in Tris-phosphate, pH 2.2, background electrolytes (BGEs) free of cyclodextrins (CDs). However, the best, baseline separations of the rotamers of 5-nitrosopyrimidines were achieved in sodium borate BGE, pH 9.3, containing 20 mg/mL beta-CD as stereoselector, or in Tris-phosphate BGE, pH 2.2, with carboxymethyl-beta-CD as stereoselector. Keywords: rotamers; 5-nitrosopyrimidines; capillary electrophoresis Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Separation of rotamers of 5-nitrosopyrimidines by capillary electrophoresis

A new capillary electrophoresis (CE) method was developed for the separation of a new type of stereoisomers - rotamers of polysubstituted 5-nitrosopyrimidine derivatives. Partial separation of some ...

Štěpánová, Sille; Procházková, Eliška; Čechová, Lucie; Žurek, Jiří; Janeba, Zlatko; Dračínský, Martin; Kašička, Václav
Ústav organické chemie a biochemie, 2018

Effects of urbanization on the landscape of a Modern City in Ghana: A case study of sunyani
Boateng, K. A.; Mensah, Caleb; Agyei, Thomas; Švik, Marian
2018 - English
According to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, changes in land use through urbanization and agriculture are the key anthropogenic effects of climate change. Thus, the preservation of natural environment of urban areas is essential for conserving water and soil, while still adjusting the microclimatic variables (temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, etc.) and stabilizing the natural ecological system from destruction. It has been observed that most parts of city's green vegetation have been lost due to housing developments and commercial activities. This study was carried out to assess the effect of the change in land use on a modern city like Sunyani, by observing the significant changes in vegetation cover from LANDSAT TM imagery over a 31-year period (1986-2017). From the study, there was significant decline of vegetation cover from 1986 to 1999, and no significant change from 1999 to 2017. There were also significant changes in the built-up areas from 1986 to 1999 and no significant change from 1999 to 2017. Adoption of sustainable and environmentally friendly technologies that maintain open green vegetation is recommended for future city planning. Keywords: Climate change; Green vegetation; landsat; Open green spaces; Urbanization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Effects of urbanization on the landscape of a Modern City in Ghana: A case study of sunyani

According to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, changes in land use through urbanization and agriculture are the key anthropogenic effects of climate change. ...

Boateng, K. A.; Mensah, Caleb; Agyei, Thomas; Švik, Marian
Ústav výzkumu globální změny , 2018

Aplikace mikro-objemové voltametrické cely pro stanovení doxorubicinu hydrochloridu
Skalová, Štěpánka; Navrátil, Tomáš; Barek, J.; Vyskočil, V.
2018 - Czech
Byla úspěšně otestována aplikace mikro-objemové voltametrické cely na příkladu stanovení protinádorového léčiva doxorubicinu hydrochloridu. Objem analyzovaného vzorku činil 50 mikroL s LOD 0,39 micromol L-1 a LDR 0,4-10 mikromol L-1. Tato mikro-objemová cela byla také úspěšně použita k analýze tohoto analytu v modelových vzorcích pitné vody a lidské moči. Doxorubicin is an anticancer drug, which is used for treatment of various cancer types. It contains a quinone structure, similarly as some other drugs belonging to the same category (e.g., daunorubicin and epirubicin). Its monitoring can lead to optimization of individual patient dosages and increase chances for recovery of patients. A micro-volume voltammetric cell and differential pulse cathodic stripping voltammetry have been used for determination of doxorubicin hydrochloride. A volume of used sample was 50 microL. Limit of detection was 0.39 micromol L-1. An applicability of this method was verified on samples of drinking water and of human urine. Keywords: Doxorubicine hydrochloride; Voltametry; Micro-volume Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Aplikace mikro-objemové voltametrické cely pro stanovení doxorubicinu hydrochloridu

Byla úspěšně otestována aplikace mikro-objemové voltametrické cely na příkladu stanovení protinádorového léčiva doxorubicinu hydrochloridu. Objem analyzovaného vzorku činil 50 mikroL s LOD 0,39 ...

Skalová, Štěpánka; Navrátil, Tomáš; Barek, J.; Vyskočil, V.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2018

Chování metalothieneinů a fytochelatinů na rtuťových a amalgámových elektrodách
Šestáková, Ivana; Navrátil, Tomáš; Josypčuk, Bohdan
2018 - Czech
Při použití elektrod AgSAE či CuSAE pro elektrochemická měření s metalothioneiny či fytochelatiny vznikají příslušné Ag-MT, Cu-MT, Ag-PC či Cu-PC komplexy. V čistých elektrolytech a pro nízké koncentrace analytů jsou odezvy lineárně závislé na jejich koncentraci, odezvu je možné zvýšit akumulací při vhodném potenciálu. Pro reálné vzorky je podstatný negativní vliv matrice, který může vést až k nutnosti přípravy nového povrchu a jeho aktivace pro každý jednotlivý záznam. The presence of cysteine residues in molecules of metallothioneins or phytochelatins is crucial for their electrochemical behavior. At mercury electrodes, the reduction of\ntetracoordinated Cd and Zn in molecule of mamamalian MT is observed in solution of pH 8- 8.5, whereas with lowering pH or at presence of excessive ions, signals of differently coordinated or free metal ions appear. Such changes were confirmed on model complexes with phytochelatin PC2 .Using amalgam electrodes CuSAE or AgSAE for voltammetry of metallothioneins or phytochelatins, their Cu or Ag complexes are formed on the electrode surface, which could be with limitations - employed for the analytical purposes. Keywords: metallothioneins; amalgam electrode; voltammetry Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Chování metalothieneinů a fytochelatinů na rtuťových a amalgámových elektrodách

Při použití elektrod AgSAE či CuSAE pro elektrochemická měření s metalothioneiny či fytochelatiny vznikají příslušné Ag-MT, Cu-MT, Ag-PC či Cu-PC komplexy. V čistých elektrolytech a pro nízké ...

Šestáková, Ivana; Navrátil, Tomáš; Josypčuk, Bohdan
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2018

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