Number of found documents: 32
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Living on the Edge: Integration vs. Modularity in the Phonology of Czech Anglicisms
Duběda, Tomáš
2017 - English
The article discusses different aspects of the phonology of Czech Anglicisms, categorizing the adaptation mechanisms into “integrative” and “modular.” The integrative mechanisms include the Phonological Approximation Principle, the Spelling Pronunciation Principle, and different types of analogies. The modular mechanisms, which increase the autonomy of the subsystem of Anglicisms, include the Original Pronunciation Principle, the presence of marked phonemes or phonotactic structures, phonological variability resulting from the competition between adaptation principles, irregular mapping between phonology and spelling, as well as underlying links to English phonology. Quantitative evidence is provided for some of these tendencies, and several psycholinguistic hypotheses are formulated in connection with the adaptation model. Keywords: Czech; English; Anglicisms; loanwords; loanword adaptation; phonology Fulltext is available at external website.
Living on the Edge: Integration vs. Modularity in the Phonology of Czech Anglicisms

The article discusses different aspects of the phonology of Czech Anglicisms, categorizing the adaptation mechanisms into “integrative” and “modular.” The integrative mechanisms include the ...

Duběda, Tomáš
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2017

Peripheral Old Czech names for Owls
Hořejší, Michal; Voleková, Kateřina
2017 - English
This paper focuses on the interpretation of the Old Czech peripheral ornithonyms vap, vapek a puňek. Based on an analysis of the context for the evidence, and with the help of more recent sources and an analysis of the morphological structure, several findings have been made: a) the Old Czech vap is a deverbative formed from the Croatian vapiti, which provides further proof of contact between the two languages during the Middle Ages, b) the formant -ek performs a complex function in the names of animals, as it may simultaneously carry a diminutive and an agentive meaning, while including the information that the word is the name of an animal, c) the distribution of the names of animals was loose in earlier times, with one term frequently relating to several referents, whereas one animal commonly bore several names. Keywords: ornithonyms; onomatopoeia; word formation; language contact; owls; Old Czech Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Peripheral Old Czech names for Owls

This paper focuses on the interpretation of the Old Czech peripheral ornithonyms vap, vapek a puňek. Based on an analysis of the context for the evidence, and with the help of more recent sources and ...

Hořejší, Michal; Voleková, Kateřina
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2017

Reflection of Dialects in Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms
Čižmárová, Libuše
2017 - English
The article relates to there projects of the Brno dialectologists: The Dictionary of Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms (supported by the Czech Science Foundation in 2005-2007, 2008-2010, at present continued without CSF support), The Dictionary of Dialects of the Czech Language (at present supported by the CSF, grant project 2011-2015), and The Czech Linguistic Atlas, published in paper version in 6 volumes in 1992-2011, these days being gradually presented in electrobnic version on the ICL webpage (http://cja.cas.cz/cja.html).\n(General web page of the ICL with more detailed information of both other above mentioned works see http://www.ujc.cas.cz/). Keywords: ectronic dictionaries; onomastics; dialectology; Dictionary of Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms; Dictionary of Dialects of the Czech Language; Czech Linguistic Atlas Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Reflection of Dialects in Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms

The article relates to there projects of the Brno dialectologists: The Dictionary of Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms (supported by the Czech Science Foundation in 2005-2007, 2008-2010, at present ...

Čižmárová, Libuše
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2017

Reflection on the Dictionary of Czech Dialects
Šipková, Milena
2017 - English
After finishing the Czech Linguistic Atlas (1992-2011), the Brno Department of Dialectology of the Institute of the Czech Language, Czech Academy of Sciences, comes to the most significant phase of its aktivity - to the lexicological compilation of the gathered dialect materiál. In connection with a question arises, what type of a dialect dictionary should be compiled. It could be either some type of a differential dictionary, or a dictionary of comprehensive character. These guestions reflect not only the scientific point of view and the national and cultural interest, but also the temporal perspective, personal possibilities of the researches-dialectologists (their qualifications, experience, age) as well as in these days more and more important financial support. In her article, the author tries to characterize some possible zypes of differential dialect dictionaries and draws attention to their pros (advantages) and cons (dishadvantages). In opposition to these, she places the comprehensive compilation of an extensive dialect materiál in the form of a dictionary: on the one hand, she points out its problems, difficulties, even risks, on the other hand, its indisputable values Keywords: differential dialect dictionary; comprehensive dialect dictionary Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Reflection on the Dictionary of Czech Dialects

After finishing the Czech Linguistic Atlas (1992-2011), the Brno Department of Dialectology of the Institute of the Czech Language, Czech Academy of Sciences, comes to the most significant phase of ...

Šipková, Milena
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2017

Towards two Old Czech loanwords
Nejedlý, Petr
2017 - English
The article challenges two new expositions of loaned Old Czech lexemes, which are available online, and confirms the older explanations of these words: the noun dějnicě ‘carpet’ has its origins, regardless of other more recent forms, in the Old Polish dzianica, and the noun moryt ‘a plant used to dye material’ is an appropriate loanword from Middle Latin moretum. Keywords: origin of the word; Old Czech; dějnicě; moryt; Old Polish; Medieval Latin Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Towards two Old Czech loanwords

The article challenges two new expositions of loaned Old Czech lexemes, which are available online, and confirms the older explanations of these words: the noun dějnicě ‘carpet’ has its origins, ...

Nejedlý, Petr
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2017

Etymological research into Czech. Proceedings of the Etymological Symposium Brno 2017, 12-14 September 2017, Brno
Janyšková, Ilona; Karlíková, Helena; Boček, Vít
2017 - English
The contributions included in this book were presented at the international scientific conference Etymological Symposium Brno 2017, with the subtitle Etymological Research into Czech. It was organized by the Department of Etymology of the Institute of the Czech Language of AS CR in Brno as a part of the project of the Czech Science Foundation Etymological Dictionary of the Old Church Slavonic Language: Summing up a Generational Project. Keywords: Church Slavic language; Slavic languages; etymology; Slavonic studies Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Etymological research into Czech. Proceedings of the Etymological Symposium Brno 2017, 12-14 September 2017, Brno

The contributions included in this book were presented at the international scientific conference Etymological Symposium Brno 2017, with the subtitle Etymological Research into Czech. It was organized ...

Janyšková, Ilona; Karlíková, Helena; Boček, Vít
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2017

Usage of Electronic Sources of Historical Czech for Formal Description of Appellative-Noun Declension
Lehečka, Boris; Jínová, P.
2015 - English
Characteristic of the tools and sources available in The Department of Language Development, which were used for the description of appellative-noun declension in the oldest period of the Czech language development (1300–1500): Old-Czech (or internal) text bank, The Token Analysis (in Excel) and formal description of Old-Czech appellative nouns. Keywords: historical Czech; Noun Declension; morphological tagging; lemmatization Fulltext is available at external website.
Usage of Electronic Sources of Historical Czech for Formal Description of Appellative-Noun Declension

Characteristic of the tools and sources available in The Department of Language Development, which were used for the description of appellative-noun declension in the oldest period of the Czech ...

Lehečka, Boris; Jínová, P.
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

Slavic *tis7 - an evergreen problem of Slavic etymology?
Blažek, V.; Janyšková, Ilona
2015 - English
The aim of this contribution is to summarize and reconsider all the existing etymologies of the Slavic dendronym *tis7 ‘yew tree’ as well as the etymologies of probable or alleged related words and to suggest new solutions to this problem. This was carried out on the basis of a detailed semantic analysis of primary texts, onomastic materials, and also on the historical and cultural background. Keywords: Indo-European; Slavic; dendronym; yew; etymology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Slavic *tis7 - an evergreen problem of Slavic etymology?

The aim of this contribution is to summarize and reconsider all the existing etymologies of the Slavic dendronym *tis7 ‘yew tree’ as well as the etymologies of probable or alleged related words and to ...

Blažek, V.; Janyšková, Ilona
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

Selected morphological features in the common speech of the young generation in the border zone of west Bohemia
Nová, Jana
2015 - English
The aim of the paper is to describe a newly developed common speech in an area settled by people from various regions. We present research results from five towns northwest of Pilsen (West Bohemia). The common speech of this region is based on common Czech, with noteworthy occurence of West Bohemian dialectal features, and no strictly defined features of standard Czech. There are supposed certain differences between localities, partly explainable by geographical context. Comparing the two used research methods, in the written questionnaire respondents tended to use standard Czech more frequently, while in the recording of their speech many rare language items or variant forms have not been registered. Keywords: common speech; dialectology; urban dialect; dialect; common Czech; standard Czech Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Selected morphological features in the common speech of the young generation in the border zone of west Bohemia

The aim of the paper is to describe a newly developed common speech in an area settled by people from various regions. We present research results from five towns northwest of Pilsen (West Bohemia). ...

Nová, Jana
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

On two expressions of negative mental state (hatred, fear)
Nejedlý, Petr
2015 - English
There is no indisputable recorded evidence of a fundamental non-negative form of the Old Church Slavic and Slavic verb nenaviděti (it is necessary to revise some opposite views in this respect). Later records of the verb naviděti can be, from the semantic point of view, explained rather as prefi xed derivatives of viděti. Nenaviděti had therefore in all likelihood originated as an artifi cially created denotation of an abstract concept based on the spheres of Christian doctrine. 2. As primarily Old Czech records indicate, the word family of the Slavic verb plašiti contains the IE root *pel-, the initial meaning of which is one of motion: 'chase, run aft er'. The sememe '(rapid/hasty) motion' needs to be considered as fundamental for already the earliest stages of Slavic languages; the sememe 'fright, fear' is – along with the corresponding intransitive verbs – secondary. Keywords: etymology; Old Czech; reconstruction of the meaning; semantic development; Slavic languages Available at various institutes of the ASCR
On two expressions of negative mental state (hatred, fear)

There is no indisputable recorded evidence of a fundamental non-negative form of the Old Church Slavic and Slavic verb nenaviděti (it is necessary to revise some opposite views in this respect). Later ...

Nejedlý, Petr
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

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