Number of found documents: 39
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Archaeological textiles - links between past and present. NESAT XIII
Bravermanová, M.; Březinová, Helena; Malcolm-Davies, J.
2017 - English
Proceedings from the international conference NESAT XIII (North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles). Keywords: NESAT XIII; archaeological textiles Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Archaeological textiles - links between past and present. NESAT XIII

Proceedings from the international conference NESAT XIII (North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles).

Bravermanová, M.; Březinová, Helena; Malcolm-Davies, J.
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2017

Non-invasive material and traceological research of the stone head from Celtic settlement Závist near Prague
Cihla, M.; Trefný, M.; Drda, Petr; Hradil, David; Hradilová, J.
2017 - English
The sandstone head sculpture from the hillfort of Závist in the southern periphery of Prague has been subjected to a non-invasive survey by mechanoscopic and analytical approaches. A 3D model of a sculpture has been created using laser scanning and photogrammetry. A reconstruction of stonemason's working tools was derived from longitudinal and transversal sections of the traces on the head's surface. Further screening of the surface by handheld X-ray fluorescence identified increased contents of lead and tin suggesting a former intentional coloring of the sculpture's surface. Traces of gold could indicate that the surface was gilded. It was confirmed that the sculpture was originally not a part of a human figure, but was intended to represent only a self-standing head. The way of making as well as the nature of the original surface treatment has excluded the possibility that the stone head from Závist was a modern replica. Keywords: Celtic sculpture; sandstone; traceology; X-ray fluorescence Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Non-invasive material and traceological research of the stone head from Celtic settlement Závist near Prague

The sandstone head sculpture from the hillfort of Závist in the southern periphery of Prague has been subjected to a non-invasive survey by mechanoscopic and analytical approaches. A 3D model of a ...

Cihla, M.; Trefný, M.; Drda, Petr; Hradil, David; Hradilová, J.
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2017

Glass in fashion and trade in Bohemia in the 9th-11th century (archaeology and archaeometry)
Tomková, Kateřina; Jonášová, Šárka; Zlámalová Cílová, Z.
2017 - English
An overview of the archaeological typology of early medieval glass beads and chemical glass types in Bohemia in the 9th-11th centuries, with examples of local production of some types of beads from imported glass. Keywords: Early Middle Ages; Central Europe; glass beads; archaeometry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Glass in fashion and trade in Bohemia in the 9th-11th century (archaeology and archaeometry)

An overview of the archaeological typology of early medieval glass beads and chemical glass types in Bohemia in the 9th-11th centuries, with examples of local production of some types of beads from ...

Tomková, Kateřina; Jonášová, Šárka; Zlámalová Cílová, Z.
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2017

Archaeological textile research in the Czech Republic
Bravermanová, M.; Březinová, Helena
2017 - English
The paper is a synoptical summary of scientific research focused on research of archaeological textiles in the Czech Republic. It maps the development of this discipline from the 19th century to present, lists the most important experts involved in the research of the historical development of textile production and its archaeological evidence. Keywords: textile research; Czech Republic; archaeological textiles Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Archaeological textile research in the Czech Republic

The paper is a synoptical summary of scientific research focused on research of archaeological textiles in the Czech Republic. It maps the development of this discipline from the 19th century to ...

Bravermanová, M.; Březinová, Helena
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2017

Hellenistic mosaic glass and La Tène glass-working
Venclová, Natalie; Jonášová, Šárka; Vaculovič, T.
2017 - English
Hellenistic mosaic glasses are similar in their basic composition, as well as their trace elements, to the late group of La Tène glass of the 2nd-1st century BC. The imported glass vessels represent a luxury article used only by the elite in the Iron Age Europe. Keywords: glass; Hellenistic; archaeometry; Central Europe Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Hellenistic mosaic glass and La Tène glass-working

Hellenistic mosaic glasses are similar in their basic composition, as well as their trace elements, to the late group of La Tène glass of the 2nd-1st century BC. The imported glass vessels represent a ...

Venclová, Natalie; Jonášová, Šárka; Vaculovič, T.
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2017

Model of Carrying Capacity - System Dynamics in NetLogo and Stella
Olševičová, K.; Cimler, R.; Tomášková, H.; Danielisová, Alžběta
2014 - English
We compare implementations of system dynamics of Celtic settlement using two tools - NetLogo and Stella. The objective of the model is to catch the relations among the population growth, the production growth and the land use with respect to agricultural strategies. Our main objective is to better understand the Celtic society and economy and its sudden collapse. More broadly we are interested in the applicability of multi-method simulation (agent-based approach enhanced with system dynamics and process modelling) in archaeological research. Keywords: Carrying capacity model; NetLogo; social simulation; Stella; system dynamics Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Model of Carrying Capacity - System Dynamics in NetLogo and Stella

We compare implementations of system dynamics of Celtic settlement using two tools - NetLogo and Stella. The objective of the model is to catch the relations among the population growth, the ...

Olševičová, K.; Cimler, R.; Tomášková, H.; Danielisová, Alžběta
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2014

From single feature to settlement pattern, landscape and society: a methodological approach to castellological research
Novák, David
2014 - English
Fortified manors are in the scope of interest from the 19th century and at present, we have solid and complex knowledge base, which can be evaluated to obtain interesting results. Most of the published papers dealing with fortified manors have undergone basic chronological and typological analysis without further interest in their spatial attributes or their relation to the hinterland. This fact and underestimation of quantitative analysis and statistics may be explained in the context of the culture-history paradigm, still prevailing in Czech archaeology. Alternatively, perhaps, it is just a result of the methodological inability of many archaeologists to deal with large data sets. As a response to this situation, the author attempts to look at fortified manors in another way - through statistical methods and using GIS. Paper is aimed to present methodology used in case study of selected region in western part of Central Bohemia as a sample. Keywords: fortified manors; methodology; GIS; principal component analysis; Middle Ages and Renaissance Available at various institutes of the ASCR
From single feature to settlement pattern, landscape and society: a methodological approach to castellological research

Fortified manors are in the scope of interest from the 19th century and at present, we have solid and complex knowledge base, which can be evaluated to obtain interesting results. Most of the ...

Novák, David
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2014

Applying System Dynamics and Agent-based Modelling in Archaeological Simulation
Olševičová, K.; Danielisová, Alžběta
2014 - English
We apply the social simulation to the cultural milieu of the late Iron Age in Central Europe and its economic strategies, especially on the subsistence and the carrying capacity of the settlement agglomeration in relation to the daily economic needs of its inhabitants. By means of the computational models of the economics of the particular central settlement (Staré Hradisko oppidum) and its hinterland we aim to verify hypotheses about the economic sustainability in case self-supplying is applied. To achieve this, the agent-based modelling, cellular automata approach and system dynamics modelling are used. In the paper we present four alternative scenarios of population dynamics (baseline and three versions of depopulation) and four alternative scenarios of food production and agricultural practices (baseline and three types of external events). The set of models for all scenarios was implemented in NetLogo and Stella. Outputs of the models are subject of interests of archaeologists and according to their feedback the models will be refined and extended. Keywords: agent-based model; cellular automata; land use model; NetLogo; sustainability; system dynamics Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Applying System Dynamics and Agent-based Modelling in Archaeological Simulation

We apply the social simulation to the cultural milieu of the late Iron Age in Central Europe and its economic strategies, especially on the subsistence and the carrying capacity of the settlement ...

Olševičová, K.; Danielisová, Alžběta
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2014

Prehistoric research at Jebel Sabaloka, Central Sudan (2011-2014)
Suková, L.; Varadzin, Ladislav; Pokorný, P.
2014 - English
Overview of new archaeological and palaeoecological evidence on late prehistory (Mesolithic, 9th-6th mil. BC) gathered by interdisciplinary Czech expedition in the 6th Nile Cataract in Sudan (2009-2011). Keywords: Sudan; Mesolithic; Neolithic; archaeology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Prehistoric research at Jebel Sabaloka, Central Sudan (2011-2014)

Overview of new archaeological and palaeoecological evidence on late prehistory (Mesolithic, 9th-6th mil. BC) gathered by interdisciplinary Czech expedition in the 6th Nile Cataract in Sudan ...

Suková, L.; Varadzin, Ladislav; Pokorný, P.
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2014

Fuzzy Methods in Land Use Modeling for Archaeology
Machálek, T.; Cimler, R.; Olševičová, K.; Danielisová, Alžběta
2013 - English
The general objective of our research is to develop the complex agentbased simulation of ancient Celtic society population, food production and economics. To achieve this we proposed the agent-based agricultural model of land suitability for miscellaneous farming systems. The behaviour of agents is controlled by a fuzzy rule-based system. The system encodes farmers' agricultural knowledge as regards the decision where to apply specific farming method. Corresponding linguistic variables describe (1) the distance of individual land patches from the household, (2) the slope of the land, (3) the yield of individual land patches and (4) total harvest as a percentage of inhabitants' annual nutritional requirement. To prevent high-frequency spatial changes in land suitability caused by time-dependent stochastic nature of the crop yields, our model performs result smoothing using spatial signal filtering. Keywords: Agent-based model; fuzzy sets; land-use model; social simulation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Fuzzy Methods in Land Use Modeling for Archaeology

The general objective of our research is to develop the complex agentbased simulation of ancient Celtic society population, food production and economics. To achieve this we proposed the agent-based ...

Machálek, T.; Cimler, R.; Olševičová, K.; Danielisová, Alžběta
Archeologický ústav, Praha, 2013

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