Number of found documents: 30
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Psychological testing of minorities: Inspiration from methodology of cross-cultural psychology
Čeněk, J.; Urbánek, Tomáš
2018 - English
This presentation is focused on the problematics of psychological testing and the adaptation of psychological methods in Czech Republic. The emphasis is placed on the testing of Czech minorities. The goal of the presentation is to summarize the current state of psychological testing in Czech Republic, to indicate certain limits in the quality of Czech psychological tests, and to propose steps that could be used to improve the state. Cross-cultural psychology offers a set of principles and methods, both of qualitative and quantitative nature, which can be used not only for the evaluation of the existing psychological tests with respect to the tested populations (e. g. minorities), but also for the successful creation or adaptation of new tests. Keywords: adaptation of psychological methods; cultural bias; emic/etic; equivalence Fulltext is available at external website.
Psychological testing of minorities: Inspiration from methodology of cross-cultural psychology

This presentation is focused on the problematics of psychological testing and the adaptation of psychological methods in Czech Republic. The emphasis is placed on the testing of Czech minorities. The ...

Čeněk, J.; Urbánek, Tomáš
Psychologický ústav, 2018

What accounts for successful aging? – A dialogical self view
Filip, Miroslav; Poláčková Šolcová, Iva
2018 - English
From the psychological perspective, older adults who are unsuccessful in aging (experiencing, for instance, depression, low well-being, or low life satisfaction) have been often considered unable to accept their own past including life losses. However, such an explanation may be too trivial. For example, an inability to accept the past may be a natural component of depressive thinking and not a separate variable that accounts for depression. Unsuccessful aging can alternatively be explained by focusing on processes of meaning construction of various aspects of one’s own life. The theory of the dialogical self describes these processes in terms of the development of an internal dialogue. An aging-successful older adult should develop a lifereviewing internal dialogue with adaptive features, such as differentiation or integration of various and often contradictory "I-positions." Methods: Narrative analyses based on the theory of the dialogical self were applied to Life Story Interviews with 32 older adults (aged from 70 to 93 years). According to the presence of the adaptive features in narratives, various types of life-reviewing internal dialogues were identi-\nfied. The validity of these types was examined by their scores on the Reminiscence Function Scale (RFS). Respondents who used the respective types were compared in terms of well-being (Mood Adjective Checklist - MAC) and meaningfulness of life (Meaning in Life Questionnaire - MLQ). Results/Discussion: The narrative analysis yielded three types of life-reviewing dialogues according to how they are elaborated and adaptive: differentiated dialogue (low adaptive), progressive dialogue, and integrated dialogue (highly adaptive). The validity of these types was sup-\nported by differences on the RFS: participants with the progressive dialogue reported more frequent reminiscence activities to resolve past conflicts and to reconstruct their identity. As hy-\npothesized, scores indicating successful aging on the scales MAC and MLQ were higher in respondents with the integrated life-reviewing dialogue. Keywords: successful aging; dialogical self theory; narrative analysis; life review; reminiscence Fulltext is available at external website.
What accounts for successful aging? – A dialogical self view

From the psychological perspective, older adults who are unsuccessful in aging (experiencing, for instance, depression, low well-being, or low life satisfaction) have been often considered unable to ...

Filip, Miroslav; Poláčková Šolcová, Iva
Psychologický ústav, 2018

Country Report: The Czech Republic
Klicperová-Baker, Martina; Franke, Helena; Schwarz, Petr; Košťál, J.
2010 - English
Research report on the Czech aspect of European citizenship – the state of ethno-national diversity, migration, gender situation, attitudes to the EU, understanding of the European polity and European public sphere. The study brings original results of a representative survey of Czech citizens (N=1037) in addition to the first, preliminary results of media analysis and interviews with political and cultural elites. This volume, the Czech contribution to international Eurosphere project, is a part of a series of 16 Eurosphere country reports, it serves also as a framework for interpretation of Eurosphere empirical results. It contains a number of graphs, tables and illustrations. It is complemented by illustrations by a cartoonist Miroslav Kemel. Keywords: EU; Czech Republic; Diversity; European citizenship; Evropská unie Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Country Report: The Czech Republic

Research report on the Czech aspect of European citizenship – the state of ethno-national diversity, migration, gender situation, attitudes to the EU, understanding of the European polity and European ...

Klicperová-Baker, Martina; Franke, Helena; Schwarz, Petr; Košťál, J.
Psychologický ústav, 2010

Post-Communist Syndrome: a Mental Heritage. A Theoretical Framework and Empirical Findings
Klicperová-Baker, Martina; Feierabend, I.; Košťál, J.
2010 - English
The article discusses post-totalitarian symptoms and the concept of post-totalitarian syndrome which can explain mentality of some dissatisfied Eastern European citizens. The current Czech post-totalitarian conditions are analyzed in terms of specific grievances and human needs; it is suggested that the disappointed include numerous frustrated but otherwise pro-democratic citizens. Complaints focus on economic insecurity (fear of unemployment, lack of security at the old age), crime (both white collar economic and street crime), lack of overall safety and disappointment with the general decline of interpersonal relations. Although respondents found it much easier to be upset with the current circumstances than with the totalitarian past, direct questions referring to the pre-1989 police state revealed an overwhelming awareness of and frustration with it. The most intense current anger is provoked by misconduct of politicians, yet democracy as a regime is not doubted. Keywords: post-communism; democracy; post-communist syndrome; demokracie Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Post-Communist Syndrome: a Mental Heritage. A Theoretical Framework and Empirical Findings

The article discusses post-totalitarian symptoms and the concept of post-totalitarian syndrome which can explain mentality of some dissatisfied Eastern European citizens. The current Czech ...

Klicperová-Baker, Martina; Feierabend, I.; Košťál, J.
Psychologický ústav, 2010

The 15th European Conference on Personality: Program and Abstract
Blatný, Marek; Hřebíčková, Martina; Kouřilová, Sylvie; Slezáčková, Alena; Květon, Petr; Vobořil, Dalibor
2010 - English
The 15th European Conference on Personality (ECP15) was held in Brno, Czech Republic, July 20-24, 2010. The conference was organized by the European Association of Personality Psychology together with the Institute of Psychology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. The programme of the ECP15 included contributions on distinctive personality issues, such as personality genetics, personality and behavioral control, neurophysiology of intelligence, and methodological issues of personality research. Furthermore, presenters introduced their findings about personality and social relationships, developmental aspects of personality, as well as personality and cultural differences. The ECP 15 also hosted dialogues between personality psychology and newly established theoretical approaches such as positive psychology. Keywords: European Association of Personality Psychology; ECP15; conference; osobnost; psychologie Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The 15th European Conference on Personality: Program and Abstract

The 15th European Conference on Personality (ECP15) was held in Brno, Czech Republic, July 20-24, 2010. The conference was organized by the European Association of Personality Psychology together with ...

Blatný, Marek; Hřebíčková, Martina; Kouřilová, Sylvie; Slezáčková, Alena; Květon, Petr; Vobořil, Dalibor
Psychologický ústav, 2010

Effects of childhood malignancy treatment on quality of life: Preliminary results of the QOLOP project
Blatný, Marek; Kepák, T.; Vlčková, I.; Jelínek, Martin; Navrátilová, P.; Pilát, M.; Kárová, Š.; Slezáčková, Alena; Hrstková, H.; Štěrba, J.
2008 - English
Effects of childhood malignancy treatment on quality of life: preliminary results of the Qolop project. Keywords: childhood cancer treatment; quality of life; kvalita života Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Effects of childhood malignancy treatment on quality of life: Preliminary results of the QOLOP project

Effects of childhood malignancy treatment on quality of life: preliminary results of the Qolop project.

Blatný, Marek; Kepák, T.; Vlčková, I.; Jelínek, Martin; Navrátilová, P.; Pilát, M.; Kárová, Š.; Slezáčková, Alena; Hrstková, H.; Štěrba, J.
Psychologický ústav, 2008

Self-Management of Teachers
Řehulka, Evžen
2007 - English
Studie se zabývá aplikací problematiky selfmanagementu, který je rozvíjen především v ekonimickém prostředí, na učitelskou profesi. Selfmanagement chápaný jako sebeřízení, event. sebevýchova, může být zajímavým a originálním východiskem pro studium učitelství. V rámci těchto myšlenek je proveden orientační výzkum učitelek základních škol, kde se ukázalo, že učitelky jsou schopny užitečně využívat hlavních idejí selfmanagementu a uvědomují si cíle v sebevzdělávání i v sebevýchově, a rovněž diference mezi stanovenými cíly a reálnými dovednostmi v této oblasti, přičemž největší úkoly v selfmanagementu nacházejí v oblasti rozvoje osobnosti. This paper with application of self-management issues to teaching, though its being developed mainly for economic environment. Self-management, taken as self-control or self-education, can become interesting and original source for studies of teaching. Within this frame an orientation research of basic school female teachers was performed; the research has shown that these teachers are able to use main ideas of self-management and they understand well goals of self-education and self-upbringing and also differences defined goals and real abilities in this area and they see the mail tasks of self-management in the field of personality development. Keywords: self-management; female teachers; self-education; sebevzdělání; sebevýchova Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Self-Management of Teachers

Studie se zabývá aplikací problematiky selfmanagementu, který je rozvíjen především v ekonimickém prostředí, na učitelskou profesi. Selfmanagement chápaný jako sebeřízení, event. sebevýchova, může být ...

Řehulka, Evžen
Psychologický ústav, 2007

School and Health 21
Řehulka, Evžen
2007 - English
Předkládaná publikace shrnuje příspěvky, které vznikly v rámci řešení výzkumného záměru Pedagogické fakulty Masyrykovy univerzity ŠKOLA A ZDRAVÍ PRO 21. STOLETÍ. Jde o projekt, jenž je inspirován idejemi, které určují nové paradigma ve školství a zdravotnictví jak u nás, tak ve světě. Tyto nové myšlenky jsou dány především dokumenty Světové zdravotnické organizace (SZO/WHO), které byly přijaty a rozpracovány našimi vládními, společenskými i vědeckými orgány a organizacemi a novými rámcovými vzdělávacími programy, které představují zásadní změny v našem školství. Podrobněji se teoretickými východisky zabýváme na následujících stránkách, kde popisujeme projekt ŠKOLA A ZDRAVÍ PRO 21. STOLETÍ. The presented publication summarizes reports that have made within solution of research plan of Faculty of Education of Masaryk University SCHOOL AND HEALTH FOR THE CENTURY. The project is inspired by ideas, which define new paradigm in the school and health system both in our country and in the world. These new ideas are determined first of all by documents of World Health Organisation (WHO), shich have been accepted and elaborated by our government, social and scientific authorities and organisations and new framework curricula, which represent fundamental changes in our school system. We deal eith theoretical issues in detail in the following pages describing the project SCHOOL AND HEALTH FOR THE 21 CENTURY. Keywords: school; health; teacher; zdraví Available at various institutes of the ASCR
School and Health 21

Předkládaná publikace shrnuje příspěvky, které vznikly v rámci řešení výzkumného záměru Pedagogické fakulty Masyrykovy univerzity ŠKOLA A ZDRAVÍ PRO 21. STOLETÍ. Jde o projekt, jenž je inspirován ...

Řehulka, Evžen
Psychologický ústav, 2007

10th European Congress of Psychology
Polišenská, Veronika; Šolc, M.; Kotrlová, J.
2007 - English
Sborník obsahuje abstrakta příspěvků, které byly prezentovány na Desátém Evropském Psychologickém Kongresu, který se konal v Praze od 3. - 6. července 2007. The present collection of abstracts represents the written and oral presentations given at the Xth European Congress of Psychology, which took place in Prague, Czech republic from 3. - 6. July, 2007. Keywords: congress; psychology; Prague; psychologie Available at various institutes of the ASCR
10th European Congress of Psychology

Sborník obsahuje abstrakta příspěvků, které byly prezentovány na Desátém Evropském Psychologickém Kongresu, který se konal v Praze od 3. - 6. července 2007....

Polišenská, Veronika; Šolc, M.; Kotrlová, J.
Psychologický ústav, 2007

The Structure of Quality of Life in Relation to Teacher's Work Load Struktura
Řehulková, Oliva; Řehulka, Evžen
2007 - English
Studie představuje přípravný teoretický projekt pro zkoumání kvality života a učitelského stresu, které může přinést nové výsledky než zkoumání zdraví a učitelského stresu Postulujeme koncepci struktury kvality života a jednoduchý předvýzkum umožňuje postavit hypotézy a zvážit všechny okolnosti, které je nutno akceptovat při objasňování kvality života a učitelského stresu. This study presents a preparative theoretical project that deals with evaluation of life standard and stress of teachers, and it can also produce some new results concerning other areas than only stress of teachers. The conception of the structure and basic pre-research enables us to build hypotheses and evaluate all conseQuences, which need to be accepted when clarifying the teachers´quality of life and stress. Keywords: health; quality of life; structure of quality of life; zdraví; kvalita života Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The Structure of Quality of Life in Relation to Teacher's Work Load Struktura

Studie představuje přípravný teoretický projekt pro zkoumání kvality života a učitelského stresu, které může přinést nové výsledky než zkoumání zdraví a učitelského stresu Postulujeme koncepci ...

Řehulková, Oliva; Řehulka, Evžen
Psychologický ústav, 2007

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