Počet nalezených dokumentů: 369
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On the boundary conditions in the numerical simulation of stably stratified fluids flows
Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
2017 - anglický
This paper presents the results of a numerical study of the stably stratified flow over a low smooth hill. The emphasize is on certain problems related to artificial boundary conditions used in the numerical simulations. The numerical results of three-dimensional simulations are shown for a range of Froude and Reynolds numbers in order to demonstrate the varying importance of these boundary issues in different flow regimes. The simulations were performed using the Boussinesq approximation model solved by a high-resolution numerical code. The in-house developed code is based on compact finite-difference discretization in space and Strong Stability Preserving Runge–Kutta time integration. Klíčová slova: Boussinesq approximation; stable stratification; compact finite-difference Plné texty jsou dostupné na vyžádání prostřednictvím repozitáře Akademie věd.
On the boundary conditions in the numerical simulation of stably stratified fluids flows

This paper presents the results of a numerical study of the stably stratified flow over a low smooth hill. The emphasize is on certain problems related to artificial boundary conditions used in the ...

Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
Matematický ústav, 2017

Observing how future primary school teachers reason about fractions
Samková, L.; Tichá, Marie
2017 - anglický
The contribution focuses on the possibility to use an educational tool called Concept Cartoons in future primary school teachers' education, especially as an instrument for observing how future primary school teachers reason about fractions. The task which we adapted to the Concept Cartoons form belongs to primary school mathematics, i.e. it focuses on the concept of a fraction per se, in particular on the parts-and-whole decision and on comparison of two pre-partitioned models with diverse wholes. Using Concept Cartoons, we observe which statements about the issue our respondents consider as correct, and which kinds of reasoning they use in their justifications. We also mention other related concepts (percentages), and related tasks from entrance exams to lower-secondary selective schools. Klíčová slova: concept Cartoons; fractions; future primary school teachers Plné texty jsou dostupné na jednotlivých ústavech Akademie věd ČR.
Observing how future primary school teachers reason about fractions

The contribution focuses on the possibility to use an educational tool called Concept Cartoons in future primary school teachers' education, especially as an instrument for observing how future ...

Samková, L.; Tichá, Marie
Matematický ústav, 2017

The role of Sommerville tetrahedra in numerical mathematics
Hošek, Radim
2017 - anglický
In this paper we summarize three recent results in computational geometry, that were motivated by applications in mathematical modelling of fluids. The cornerstone of all three results is the genuine construction developed by D. Sommerville already in 1923. We show Sommerville tetrahedra can be effectively used as an underlying mesh with additional properties and also can help us prove a result on boundary-fitted meshes. Finally we demonstrate the universality of the Sommerville's construction by its direct generalization to any dimension. Klíčová slova: simplicial tessellations; simplicial mesh; Sommerville tetrahedron Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
The role of Sommerville tetrahedra in numerical mathematics

In this paper we summarize three recent results in computational geometry, that were motivated by applications in mathematical modelling of fluids. The cornerstone of all three results is the genuine ...

Hošek, Radim
Matematický ústav, 2017

A particular smooth interpolation that generates splines
Segeth, Karel
2017 - anglický
There are two grounds the spline theory stems from -- the algebraic one (where splines are understood as piecewise smooth functions satisfying some continuity conditions) and the variational one (where splines are obtained via minimization of some quadratic functionals with constraints). We use the general variational approach called $it smooth interpolation$ introduced by Talmi and Gilat and show that it covers not only the cubic spline and its 2D and 3D analogues but also the well known tension spline (called also spline with tension). We present the results of a 1D numerical example that characterize some properties of the tension spline. Klíčová slova: data interpolation; smooth interpolation; spline interpolation Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
A particular smooth interpolation that generates splines

There are two grounds the spline theory stems from -- the algebraic one (where splines are understood as piecewise smooth functions satisfying some continuity conditions) and the variational one ...

Segeth, Karel
Matematický ústav, 2017

Note on the problem of dissipative measure-valued solutions to the compressible non-Newtonian system
Al Baba, Hind; Caggio, Matteo; Ducomet, B.; Nečasová, Šárka
2017 - anglický
We introduce a dissipative measure-valued solution to the compressible non-Newtonian system. We generalized a result given by Novotný, Nečasová [14]. We derive a relative entropy inequality for measure-valued solution as an extension of the "classical" entropy inequality introduced by Dafermos [2], Mellet-Vasseur [11], Feireisl-Jin-Novotný [5]. Klíčová slova: dissipative measure-valued solution; non-Newtonian fluid; compressible fluid Plné texty jsou dostupné na vyžádání prostřednictvím repozitáře Akademie věd.
Note on the problem of dissipative measure-valued solutions to the compressible non-Newtonian system

We introduce a dissipative measure-valued solution to the compressible non-Newtonian system. We generalized a result given by Novotný, Nečasová [14]. We derive a relative entropy inequality for ...

Al Baba, Hind; Caggio, Matteo; Ducomet, B.; Nečasová, Šárka
Matematický ústav, 2017

Note on the use of Camassa-Holm equations for simulation of incompressible fluid turbulence
Caggio, Matteo; Bodnár, Tomáš
2017 - anglický
The aim of this short communication is to briefly introduce the Camassa-Holm equations as a working model for simulation of incompressible fluid turbulence. In particular we discuss its application for turbulent boundary layer flows. This model (and related models) is studied for several years in mathematical community, starting from Leray [23]. It can be understood as a generalization of some classical fluid models (Navier-Stokes equations, Prandtl boundary layer equations), showing some interesting mathematical properties in the analysis of the behavior of it's solution (e.g. Layton and Lewandowski [22]). It has been found however, that the model predictions can lead to surprising extensions of the use of the model in technical applications, namely in simulating the turbulent fluid flows. This brief paper should be understood as an introductory note to this novel class of models for applied scientists. Klíčová slova: Camassa-Holm equations; turbulent boundary layer Plné texty jsou dostupné na vyžádání prostřednictvím repozitáře Akademie věd.
Note on the use of Camassa-Holm equations for simulation of incompressible fluid turbulence

The aim of this short communication is to briefly introduce the Camassa-Holm equations as a working model for simulation of incompressible fluid turbulence. In particular we discuss its application ...

Caggio, Matteo; Bodnár, Tomáš
Matematický ústav, 2017

Znovuobjevování geometrických konstrukcí
Roubíček, Filip
2016 - český
Článek je věnován uplatnění principů badatelsky orientovaného vyučování matematice v didaktickém semináři určeném studentům učitelství prvního stupně základní školy, konkrétně aktivitě zaměřené na konstruování známých geometrických útvarů v prostředí překládaného papíru. V článku je popsáno sedm studentských postupů konstrukce čtverce. The paper deals with the application of principles of inquiry based mathematics education in seminars of didactics for future primary school teachers, specifically with the activity focused on construction of known geometrical figures in the environment of folding paper. Seven students´ construction procedures of a square are presented in the paper. Klíčová slova: mathematics education; inquiry; elementary geometry Plné texty jsou dostupné na jednotlivých ústavech Akademie věd ČR.
Znovuobjevování geometrických konstrukcí

Článek je věnován uplatnění principů badatelsky orientovaného vyučování matematice v didaktickém semináři určeném studentům učitelství prvního stupně základní školy, konkrétně aktivitě zaměřené na ...

Roubíček, Filip
Matematický ústav, 2016

Cosmology on Small Scales 2016: Local Hubble Expansion and Selected Controversies in Cosmology
Křížek, Michal; Dumin, Y. V.
2016 - anglický
The problem of cosmological expansion on small scales (e.g., inside planetary systems) has a long history, dating back to the papers (McVittie, 1932, 1933), and quite many researchers dealt with this topic in the subsequent few decades. Although most of them concluded that the Hubble expansion should be strongly suppressed at small distances, there is no commonly-established criterion for such suppression at present. Moreover, some of the widely-used theoretical arguments against the local Hubble expansion contradict each other. Klíčová slova: cosmology Dokument je dostupný na externích webových stránkách.
Cosmology on Small Scales 2016: Local Hubble Expansion and Selected Controversies in Cosmology

The problem of cosmological expansion on small scales (e.g., inside planetary systems) has a long history, dating back to the papers (McVittie, 1932, 1933), and quite many researchers dealt with this ...

Křížek, Michal; Dumin, Y. V.
Matematický ústav, 2016

Word problems of a given structure in the perspective of teacher training
Tichá, Marie; Hošpesová, A.
2016 - anglický
The paper reports on the results of a research study focusing on how to train prospective teachers for guiding their pupils through the process of solving word problems. The teaching experiment involved prospective teachers’ work with graphical representations called branched chains to solve and pose word problems. The paper shows the difficulties the students were facing, presents ideas from discussions during joint reflection, tries to describe the changes in the students’ skills and attitudes. It also points at the differences between prospective primary and secondary mathematics teachers. Klíčová slova: inquiry based mathematics education; prospective teaching training; subject matter knowledge; knowledge base for teaching Dokument je dostupný na externích webových stránkách.
Word problems of a given structure in the perspective of teacher training

The paper reports on the results of a research study focusing on how to train prospective teachers for guiding their pupils through the process of solving word problems. The teaching experiment ...

Tichá, Marie; Hošpesová, A.
Matematický ústav, 2016

Badatelsky orientované vzdělávání jako jedna z cest ke zkvalitňování profesionality učitelů
Tichá, Marie; Samková, L.
2016 - český
Příspěvek je zaměřen na badatelsky orientované vzdělávání jako možnou cestu rozvíjení a zkvalitňování profesionality v přípravě učitelů 1. stupně základní školy. Vzhledem k tomu, že proces bádání vede k domněnkám, hypotetickým odpovědím a ty je třeba ověřit, zaměřili jsme se v poslední době také na rozvíjení uvědomování si potřeby argumentovat, vědomě zařazovat odůvodňování do vyučování matematice. This contribution focuses on inquiry-based education as one of the ways to develop and improve professionalism of future primary school teachers. Since the process of inquiry leads to conjectures and hypotheses that need to be verified, we recently turned our attention also to developing awareness of the need of proper argumentation and its incorporation into mathematics lessons. Klíčová slova: inquiry-based education; teachers professionalism; primary school; argumentation Plné texty jsou dostupné na jednotlivých ústavech Akademie věd ČR.
Badatelsky orientované vzdělávání jako jedna z cest ke zkvalitňování profesionality učitelů

Příspěvek je zaměřen na badatelsky orientované vzdělávání jako možnou cestu rozvíjení a zkvalitňování profesionality v přípravě učitelů 1. stupně základní školy. Vzhledem k tomu, že proces bádání vede ...

Tichá, Marie; Samková, L.
Matematický ústav, 2016

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