Number of found documents: 8087
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Acta Polytechnica CTU Proceedings 7
Kytýř, Daniel; Zlámal, Petr
2017 - English
The International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering Sciences continues the tradition of the Czech-German bilateral symposium founded by prof. Karl-Hans Laermann and prof. Stanislav Holý in 1985. In the following years, the symposium was extensively developed by prof. Josef Jíra. The symposium shall bring together mainly young scientists who are actively involved in experimental solid mechanics, theoretically and practically, in order to exchange experience, to report on the present state-of-art as well as on running research projects, to discuss due questions and problems and to promote the co-operation between individuals as well as between institutions. Therefore in the symposium discussions will play a highly significant role. Keywords: experimental solid mechanics; numerical simulation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Acta Polytechnica CTU Proceedings 7

The International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering Sciences continues the tradition of the Czech-German bilateral symposium founded by prof. Karl-Hans Laermann ...

Kytýř, Daniel; Zlámal, Petr
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Semigroup Structure of Sets of Solutions to Equation X^s = X^m
Porubský, Štefan
2017 - English
Using an idempotent semigroup approach we describe the semigroup and group structure of the set of solutions to equation X^m = X^s in successive steps over a periodic commutative semigroup, over multiplicative semigroups of factor rings of residually finite commutative rings and finally over multiplicative semigroups of factor rings of residually finite commutative principal ideal domains. The analysis is done through the use of the maximal subsemigroups and groups corresponding to an idempotent of the corresponding semigroup and in the case of residually finite PID’s employing the available analysis of the Euler-Fermat Theorem as given in [11]. In particular the case when this set of solutions is a union of groups is handled. As a simple application we show a not yet noticed group structure of the set of solutions to x^n = x connected with the message space of RSA cryptosystems and Fermat pseudoprimes. Keywords: set of solutions; idempotent; maximal semigroup corresponding to an idempotent; maximal group corresponding to an idempotent; equation X^s = X^m; finite commutative ring with identity element; residually finite commutative principal ideal domains Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Semigroup Structure of Sets of Solutions to Equation X^s = X^m

Using an idempotent semigroup approach we describe the semigroup and group structure of the set of solutions to equation X^m = X^s in successive steps over a periodic commutative semigroup, over ...

Porubský, Štefan
Ústav informatiky, 2017

Deformation behaviour of gellan gum based artificial bone structures under simulated physiological conditions
Krčmářová, N.; Šleichrt, J.; Fíla, Tomáš; Koudelka_ml., Petr; Kytýř, Daniel
2017 - English
The paper deals with investigation of deformation behaviour of gellan gum (GG) based\nstructures prepared for regenerative medicine purposes. Investigated material was synthesized as porous spongy-like scaffold reinforced by bioactive glass (BAG) nano-particles in different concentrations. Deformation behavior was obtained employing custom designed experimental setup. This device equipped with bioreactor chamber allows to test the delivered samples under simulated physiological conditions with controlled flow and temperature. Cylindrical samples were subjected to uniaxial quasi-static loading in tension and compression. Material properties of plain scaffold buffered by 50 wt% and 70 wt% BAG were derived from a set of tensile and compression tests. The results are represented in form of stress-strain curves calculated from the acquired force and displacement data. Keywords: gellan gum scaffold; reinforcement; uni-axial loading; simulated physiological conditions Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Deformation behaviour of gellan gum based artificial bone structures under simulated physiological conditions

The paper deals with investigation of deformation behaviour of gellan gum (GG) based\nstructures prepared for regenerative medicine purposes. Investigated material was synthesized as porous ...

Krčmářová, N.; Šleichrt, J.; Fíla, Tomáš; Koudelka_ml., Petr; Kytýř, Daniel
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Some experimentally determined properties of a profile in case of self-excited oscillations in subsonic flow
Vlček, Václav; Zolotarev, Igor; Kozánek, Jan; Šidlof, Petr; Štěpán, M.
2017 - English
In the wind tunnel of the Institute of Thermomechanics of the AS CR,v .v. i., experiments were realized with the profile NACA0015 in the presence of the self-excited oscillation. The oscillation of the profile with pitch and plunge degrees of freedom was excited by the subsonic air flow. The plunge support had the same elasticity for all experiments, the pitch support had seven different values of elasticity. Within experiments different types of self-excited vibration (flutter, stall flutter, deep stall flutter) were realized. Range of Mach numbers were M=0.08–0.45, when the chord length is used as the characteristic dimension of the profile. The frequency and amplitude characteristics of the oscillating profile were experimentally determined.\n Keywords: airfoil; aeroelasciticy; dynamic stall; stall flutter; limit cycle oscillations; self -excited vibrations Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Some experimentally determined properties of a profile in case of self-excited oscillations in subsonic flow

In the wind tunnel of the Institute of Thermomechanics of the AS CR,v .v. i., experiments were realized with the profile NACA0015 in the presence of the self-excited oscillation. The oscillation of ...

Vlček, Václav; Zolotarev, Igor; Kozánek, Jan; Šidlof, Petr; Štěpán, M.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2017

Aspects of energy storage systems focusing on flywheel technologies
Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan
2017 - English
The energy storage devices are used to reduce variation of the power transmitted in complex technological systems. The individual technologies are based on different physical principles and are applicable in different industrial fields. This paper focuses on aspects of the flywheel storage devices that have a direct impact on their design, technological parametres, and extent of their application. Keywords: energy storage systems; flywheel technology; ultra-low friction bearings Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Aspects of energy storage systems focusing on flywheel technologies

The energy storage devices are used to reduce variation of the power transmitted in complex technological systems. The individual technologies are based on different physical principles and are ...

Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan
Ústav termomechaniky, 2017

Paleomagnetic research of the fill in the Kalacka Cave, Poland. Final report. Catalogue of primary paleomagnetic data.
Pruner, Petr; Čížková, Kristýna; Kdýr, Šimon
2017 - English
Keywords: palaeomagnetism; caves; Kalacka Cave, Poland Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Paleomagnetic research of the fill in the Kalacka Cave, Poland. Final report. Catalogue of primary paleomagnetic data.

Pruner, Petr; Čížková, Kristýna; Kdýr, Šimon
Geologický ústav, 2017

Nanopatterning of Silicon Nitride Membranes
Matějka, Milan; Krátký, Stanislav; Řiháček, Tomáš; Kolařík, Vladimír; Chlumská, Jana; Urbánek, Michal
2017 - English
Membranes are typically created by a thin silicon nitride (SIN) layer deposited on a silicon wafer. Both, top and bottom side of the wafer is covered by a thin layer of the silicon nitride. The principle of silicon nitride membranes preparation is based on the wet anisotropic etching of the bottom side of the silicon wafer with crystallographic orientation (100). While the basic procedure for the preparation of such membranes is well known, the nano patterning of thin membranes presents quite important challenges. This is partially due to the mechanical stress which is typically presented within such membranes. The resolution requirements of the\nmembrane patterning have gradually increased. Advanced lithographic techniques and etching procedures had to be developed. This paper summarizes theoretical aspects, technological issues and achieved results. The application potential of silicon nitride membranes as a base for multifunctional micro system (MMS) is also\ndiscussed. Keywords: e-beam writer; silicon nitride membranes; nano patterning; anisotropic etching Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Nanopatterning of Silicon Nitride Membranes

Membranes are typically created by a thin silicon nitride (SIN) layer deposited on a silicon wafer. Both, top and bottom side of the wafer is covered by a thin layer of the silicon nitride. The ...

Matějka, Milan; Krátký, Stanislav; Řiháček, Tomáš; Kolařík, Vladimír; Chlumská, Jana; Urbánek, Michal
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2017

Non-holonomic planar and spatial model of a ball-type tuned mass damping device
Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
2017 - English
The area of tuned mass dampers is a wide field of inspiration for theoretical studies in non-linear dynamics and dynamic stability. The studies attempt to estimate behaviour of diverse damping devices and their reliability. The current paper deals with the response of a heavy ball rolling inside a spherical cavity under horizontal kinematic excitation. The non-linear system consists of six degrees of freedom with three non-holonomic constraints. The contact between the ball and the cavity surface is supposed to be perfect without any sliding. The mathematical model using the Appell-Gibbs function of acceleration energy is developed and discussed. Comparison with previous planar (SDOF) model which is based on the Lagrangian procedure is given. The system has an auto-parametric character and therefore semi-trivial solutions and their dynamic stability can be analysed. The most important post-critical regimes are outlined and qualitatively evaluated in resonance domain. Numerical experiments were performed when excitation frequency is slowly swept up and down to identify different modes of response. Some applications in civil engineering as a tuned mass damper, which can be used on slender structures, are mentioned. The proposed device is compared with a conventional pendulum damper. Strengths and weaknesses of both absorbers types\nare discussed. Keywords: tuned mass damper; moving ball; Appell-Gibbs formulation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Non-holonomic planar and spatial model of a ball-type tuned mass damping device

The area of tuned mass dampers is a wide field of inspiration for theoretical studies in non-linear dynamics and dynamic stability. The studies attempt to estimate behaviour of diverse damping devices ...

Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
2017 - English
The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic energy. The dissipation rate is commonly assumed to be a function of the impeller power input. But this approach gives no information about distribution of the dissipation rate inside the agitated volume. In this paper the distributions of the dissipation rate inside the agitated vessels are estimated by evaluations of the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics). The results obtained from RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations) k-epsilon turbulent model and LES (Large Eddy Simulations) with Smagorinsky SGS (Sub Grid Scale) model are compared. The agitated vessels with standard geometry equipped with four baffles and stirred by either a standard Rushton turbine or a high shear impeller were investigated. The results are compared with mean dissipation rate estimated from the total impeller power input. Keywords: flow; large-eddy simulation Fulltext is available at external website.
Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel

The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region
Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
2017 - English
The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical flat bottom vessel 400 mm in inner diameter agitated by a Rushton turbine 133 mm in diameter. The velocity fields were measured in the zone in upward flow to the impeller for impeller rotation speeds from 300 rpm to 850 rpm and three liquids of different viscosities (i.e. (i) distilled water, ii) a 28% vol. aqueous solution of glycol, and iii) a 43% vol. aqueous solution of glycol), corresponding to the impeller Reynolds number in the range 50 000 < Re < 189 000. This Re range secures the fully-developed turbulent flow of agitated liquid. In accordance with the theory of mixing, the dimensionless mean and fluctuation velocities in the measured directions were found to be constant and independent of the impeller Reynolds number. On the basis of the test results the spatial distributions of dimensionless velocities were calculated. The axial turbulence intensity was found to be in the majority in the range from 0.388 to 0.540, which corresponds to the high level of turbulence intensity. Fulltext is available at external website.
Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region

The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical ...

Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

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