Number of found documents: 563
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Voda pro život - strategie 21
Pivokonský, Martin; Čermáková, Lenka; Novotná, Kateřina; Pivokonská, Lenka
2018 - Czech
Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Voda pro život - strategie 21

Pivokonský, Martin; Čermáková, Lenka; Novotná, Kateřina; Pivokonská, Lenka
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
2017 - English
The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic energy. The dissipation rate is commonly assumed to be a function of the impeller power input. But this approach gives no information about distribution of the dissipation rate inside the agitated volume. In this paper the distributions of the dissipation rate inside the agitated vessels are estimated by evaluations of the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics). The results obtained from RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations) k-epsilon turbulent model and LES (Large Eddy Simulations) with Smagorinsky SGS (Sub Grid Scale) model are compared. The agitated vessels with standard geometry equipped with four baffles and stirred by either a standard Rushton turbine or a high shear impeller were investigated. The results are compared with mean dissipation rate estimated from the total impeller power input. Keywords: flow; large-eddy simulation Fulltext is available at external website.
Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel

The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region
Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
2017 - English
The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical flat bottom vessel 400 mm in inner diameter agitated by a Rushton turbine 133 mm in diameter. The velocity fields were measured in the zone in upward flow to the impeller for impeller rotation speeds from 300 rpm to 850 rpm and three liquids of different viscosities (i.e. (i) distilled water, ii) a 28% vol. aqueous solution of glycol, and iii) a 43% vol. aqueous solution of glycol), corresponding to the impeller Reynolds number in the range 50 000 < Re < 189 000. This Re range secures the fully-developed turbulent flow of agitated liquid. In accordance with the theory of mixing, the dimensionless mean and fluctuation velocities in the measured directions were found to be constant and independent of the impeller Reynolds number. On the basis of the test results the spatial distributions of dimensionless velocities were calculated. The axial turbulence intensity was found to be in the majority in the range from 0.388 to 0.540, which corresponds to the high level of turbulence intensity. Keywords: agitated vessel; Rushton turbine; PIV Fulltext is available at external website.
Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region

The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical ...

Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Formování kapek v systému dvou nemísitelných kapalin
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
2017 - Czech
Velikost kapek při míchání dvou vzájemně nemísitelných kapalin závisí především na působení vnějších sil. Smyková napětí působící na částici v závislosti na fyzikálních parametrech (povrchové napětí, hustota, viskozita) ovlivňují konečnou distribuci velikostí tvořených kapek. V první fázi jsme se pokusili modelovat dvě reálné nemísitelné kapaliny voda-silikonový olej, které jsou dány svými vlastnostmi. A to na jednoduchém případě výtoku z kapiláry, kde jsme se snažili ověřit, zda a jak moc přesně lze modelovat chování tohoto systému s různými odchylkami fyzikálních parametrů. Dále jsme se snažili určit rovnovážné a mezní stavy v závislosti na zadaných fyzikálních vlastnostech. The CFD simulation of simple two phase system using VOF model was verified by the real measurements. The system of two immiscible liquids silicone oil and water was tested on simple task with droplet formation from immersed jet. The setup of physical properties in CFD simulations was corrected by the experimental results. Keywords: VOF; liquid; multiphase Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Formování kapek v systému dvou nemísitelných kapalin

Velikost kapek při míchání dvou vzájemně nemísitelných kapalin závisí především na působení vnějších sil. Smyková napětí působící na částici v závislosti na fyzikálních parametrech (povrchové napětí, ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

31st Symposium on anemometry: proceedings
Chára, Zdeněk; Klaboch, L.
2017 - Czech
Sborník z konference 31st symposium o anemometrii. Konference byla zaměřena na experimentální techniky používané v mechanice tekutin.\n Proceedings of 31st Symposium on Anemometry. The conference was oriented on the experimental techniques applied in fluid mechanics. Keywords: anemometry; conference; proceedings Available at various institutes of the ASCR
31st Symposium on anemometry: proceedings

Sborník z konference 31st symposium o anemometrii. Konference byla zaměřena na experimentální techniky používané v mechanice tekutin.\n...

Chára, Zdeněk; Klaboch, L.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Simulation of collagen solution flow in rectangular capillary
Kysela, Bohuš; Skočilas, J.; Zitny, R.; Stancl, J.; Houska, M.; Landfeld, A.
2017 - English
The viscoelastic properties of foods and polymers can be evaluated from flow of the material in capillary with specified dimension and shape. The extrusion rheometer equipped by capillary with rectangular cross-section was used for determination of the rheological behaviour of water collagen solution. The measurements of the axial profiles in longitudinal direction of the total stresses at capillary wall were performed for various shear rates. The linear viscoelastic model of Oldroyd B type: White-Metzner model was used for simulation of fluid flow in OpenFOAM software package. The simulations describe the effect of relaxation time on wall total stress in convergent-divergent capillary. Keywords: collagen; viscoelastic model; convergent-divergent capillary Fulltext is available at external website.
Simulation of collagen solution flow in rectangular capillary

The viscoelastic properties of foods and polymers can be evaluated from flow of the material in capillary with specified dimension and shape. The extrusion rheometer equipped by capillary with ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Skočilas, J.; Zitny, R.; Stancl, J.; Houska, M.; Landfeld, A.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Hydrologie malého povodí 2017
Brych, Karel; Tesař, Miroslav
2017 - Czech
CD představuje pné texty vědeckých článků. Články byly připraveny jako příspěvky pro konferenci s mezinárodní účastí “Hydrologie malého povodí 2017”, která se konala 18. až 20.4.2017 v Praze. Konferenci pořádaly: Ústav pro hydrodynamiku AVČR, Ústav hydrológie SAV, Česká vědeckotechnická vodohospodářská společnost, Český hydrometeorologický ústav, Český národní výbor pro hydrologii. Knihu vydal Ústav pro hydrodynamiku AV ČR, v. v. i., v Praze roku 2017. The CD includes the full text of scientific articles. These articles were prepared as the contributions for the Conference with international participation “Hydrology of a small basin 2017” that was held from April 18th to April 20th 2017 in Prague. The Conference was organized by the Institute of Hydrodynamics ASCR in Prague, Institute of Hydrology SAS in Bratislava, the Czech Water Management Society in Prague, Czech Hydrometeorological institute in Prague and Czech Committee for Hydrology. The book was published by the Institute of Hydrodynamics ASCR in Prague in 2017 Keywords: small basin; experimental hydrology; water balance Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Hydrologie malého povodí 2017

CD představuje pné texty vědeckých článků. Články byly připraveny jako příspěvky pro konferenci s mezinárodní účastí “Hydrologie malého povodí 2017”, která se konala 18. až 20.4.2017 v Praze. ...

Brych, Karel; Tesař, Miroslav
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Řízený pohyb kulové částice v kanále s volnou hladinou
Chára, Zdeněk; Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří
2017 - Czech
V příspěvku jsou prezentovány experimentální výsledky proudění kolem kulovité částice, kdy částice je umístěna na tenké tyčce a její pohyb je řízen asynchronním motorkem. Pro určení rychlostních polí kolem pohybující se částice byla použita metoda 2D PIV. Měření se uskutečnila v kanále s volnou hladinou, jehož dno bylo pokryto jednou vrstvou skleněných tyček o průměru 6mm. The paper presents experimental results of the flow around the spherical particle, where the particles are placed on a thin rod and its movement is controlled by a step motor. To determine the velocity fields around the moving particle, the 2D PIV method was used. The measurement was carried out in the open channel, the bottom of which was covered with one layer of 6 mm diameter glass bars. Keywords: open channel; PIV; turbulence Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Řízený pohyb kulové částice v kanále s volnou hladinou

V příspěvku jsou prezentovány experimentální výsledky proudění kolem kulovité částice, kdy částice je umístěna na tenké tyčce a její pohyb je řízen asynchronním motorkem. Pro určení rychlostních polí ...

Chára, Zdeněk; Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Flow behaviour and structure of heterogeneous particles-water mixture in horizontal and inclined pipes
Vlasák, Pavel; Chára, Zdeněk; Konfršt, Jiří
2017 - English
Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Flow behaviour and structure of heterogeneous particles-water mixture in horizontal and inclined pipes

Vlasák, Pavel; Chára, Zdeněk; Konfršt, Jiří
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Influence of land cover and altitude on soilmoisturespatio-temporal variability
Šípek, Václav; Hnilica, Jan; Tesař, Miroslav
2017 - English
An understanding of spatial and temporal variation of soil moisture is essential for studying other hydrological, biological or chemical soil processes, such as water movement, microbial activity and biogeochemical cycling (Bruckner et al., 1999, Ridolfi et al., 2003). Although the world-wide total amount of water stored in the soil profile is negligible compared to ocean and glacier storages, it represents a crucial variable concerning the water resources and agricultural management. This is valid especially in the context of ongoing shift in climate. Soil water exhibits a tremendous heterogeneity in space and time (Gomez-Plaza et al., 2000). Therefore, spatial and temporal variations of soil moisture have always been the critical issue. The spatial variability is influenced by variety of factors encompassing the topographical effect on lateral water redistribution (Williams et al., 2003), radiation (Grayson et al., 1997, Geroy et al., 2011), soil texture and structure (Famiglietti et al., 1998, Pan and Peters-Lidard, 2008), vegetation (Teuling and Troch, 2005), climate (Lawrence and Hornberger, 2007), precipitation pattern (Keim et al., 2005) and antecedent soil moisture (Rosenbaum et al., 2012). The land use influence on the soil moisture content variation is of complex a character covering several above mentioned factors. However, it is determined namely by the different vegetation cover, which results in different rates of interception and transpiration. It also strongly influences the soil hydraulic properties, i.e. hydraulic conductivity and water retention characteristics (Zhou et al, 2008). Hence, the reaction of an area to a rainfall and also the temporal variability of the soil moisture content might be influenced by the present land cover. Nevertheless, the studies comparing the influence of several land covers in the longer periods are missing. This knowledge would be valuable especially in the context of extreme climatic events that are present nowadays. In central Europe, the period of major floods (1997, 2002, 2013) was followed by serious dry spells (2003, 2011–2012, 2015) (Trnka et al., 2015). This observed hydrological extremity raised the questions of sustainable water management. One of the possible management practices in consideration is represented by the land cover changes intended to hold more water in the landscape and simultaneously to attenuate the rainfall-runoff response. Moreover, previous studies have investigated that spatial and temporal variation of soil water under a certain land use type, and drawing significant research attention is lacking on the differences of dynamics of soil water conditions under different land use types. Thus, it is necessary to understand the comparisons of the dynamics of soil water conditions under different land use types (Niu et al., 2015) The main aim of the presented study is therefore to understand the soil moisture variability in the vegetation season under four different land covers (coniferous/deciduous forest, meadow, grassland). This analysis is conducted in five consecutive years, encompassing both dry and wet periods. The influence of altitude is also studied in the coniferous forest. Keywords: wet years; dry years; forest; meadow; grassland; soil moisture; vegetation season Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Influence of land cover and altitude on soilmoisturespatio-temporal variability

An understanding of spatial and temporal variation of soil moisture is essential for studying other hydrological, biological or chemical soil processes, such as water movement, microbial activity and ...

Šípek, Václav; Hnilica, Jan; Tesař, Miroslav
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

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