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Engineering mechanics 2018. Book of full texts
Fischer, Cyril; Náprstek, Jiří
2018 - English
The proceedings contains papers presented at the 24th International Conference on Engineering Mechanics, which has been held in Svratka resort in Czech Republic under auspices of the Czech Society of Mechanics and being a part of IFTOMM (The International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science) activities. As it corresponds with character of the conference, this proceedings consists of several topic oriented parts: Biomechanics, Fluid mechanics, Dynamics, Fracture mechanics, Kinematics, Mechatronics, Reliability of structures, Mechanics of solids, Techological processes, Thermodynamics. The volume represents a well-balanced overview of theoretical, numerical and experimental work on fundamental and applied studies. Keywords: mechanics; dynamics; reliability Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Engineering mechanics 2018. Book of full texts

The proceedings contains papers presented at the 24th International Conference on Engineering Mechanics, which has been held in Svratka resort in Czech Republic under auspices of the Czech Society of ...

Fischer, Cyril; Náprstek, Jiří
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Crystallization force of sodium chloride
Koudelková, Veronika; Wolf, Benjamin
2018 - English
Soluble salts are one of the most deteriorating factor causing damage of historical building materials due to generation of crystallization pressure inside pore space. Direct measurement of crystallization force is quite challenging, hence we developed at our institute a novel device able to detect the force of growing crystal. The device is based on the monitoring of force developed with upper microscopic glass on the growing crystal to maintain constant position. The crystal could generate force because of the existence of thin liquid layer of solution between both surfaces come into contact. The driving force for the subsequent growth of crystal against obstacle is supersaturation, which is mainly induced by evaporation of the salt solution. In this experiment, the crystal of sodium chloride generated force 16.8 mN and the corresponding crystallization pressure was equal to the value 0.48 MPa. Keywords: crystallization force; sodium chloride; salt deterioration Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Crystallization force of sodium chloride

Soluble salts are one of the most deteriorating factor causing damage of historical building materials due to generation of crystallization pressure inside pore space. Direct measurement of ...

Koudelková, Veronika; Wolf, Benjamin
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Možnosti využití rentgenové tomografie ke kvantifikaci poškození teplotně namáhaného betonu
Rozsypalová, I.; Kumpová, Ivana; Daněk, P.; Šimonová, H.; Keršner, Z.
2018 - Czech
Působení vysokých teplot na beton ovlivňuje vnitřní strukturu tohoto kompozitního materiálu. V příspěvku se otevírá otázka možnosti využití výpočetní rentgenové tomografie ke kVantifikaci míry poškození betonového tělesa, které bylo odvrtáno z vybraného experimentálního panelu zatěžovaného vysokými teplotami na požární peci Centra AdMaS (Advanced Materials, Structures and Technologies) FAST VUT v Brně. Nominální hodnota maxima teploty v peci činila 1000 °C. Pokročilé zařízení TORATOM (Twinned Orthogonal Adjustable Tomograph) v Centru excelence Telč (CET) kombinuje dva páry „rentgenka–detektor“ v ortogonálním uspořádání, které umožňuje dvojnásobné zrychlení procesu sběru dat pro tomografické rekonstrukce. Zařízení má plně motorizované osy pro nastavování vzdáleností „rentgenka–vzorek–detektor“. Tím lze měnit zvětšení zhruba od 1,2× po 100× (ve speciálních případech i více). Při dané velikosti pixelů detektoru je možné měnit rozlišení CT rekonstrukcí, tj. velikost jednoho prostorového bodu modelu, od 0,2 milimetrů až po mikrometrické. Další výhodu zařízení TORATOM představuje možnost paralelního zobrazování objektu ve dvou spektrech RTG záření. Tento postup umožňuje zvýraznit rozdíly mezi materiálovými komponentami, které mají v plném RTG spektru podobný útlum. Pokud se vzorek skládá pouze ze dvou materiálů, lze tyto materiály jednoznačně odlišit. U vícesložkových materiálů lze rozdíly pouze zdůraznit. The effect of high temperatures on concrete affects the internal structure of this composite material. The paper opens the question of the possibility of using a computed X–ray tomography to quantify the degree of damage of a concrete specimen that was drilled from the selected experimental panel loaded in a fire furnace with high temperatures at the AdMaS (Advanced Materials, Structures and Technologies) research centre at Faculty of Civil Engineering Brno University of Technology. The nominal value of the maximum temperature on the heated side of the panel was 1000 °C. Advanced workstation computer X–ray tomography TORATOM at Centre of Excellence Telč (CET) is parallel imaging of an object in two spectra of X–ray radiation, that allows to highlight differences between the material components to the full X–ray spectrum similar to the attenuation of the radiation. Keywords: TORATOM; concrete; high temperature; computed tomography Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Možnosti využití rentgenové tomografie ke kvantifikaci poškození teplotně namáhaného betonu

Působení vysokých teplot na beton ovlivňuje vnitřní strukturu tohoto kompozitního materiálu. V příspěvku se otevírá otázka možnosti využití výpočetní rentgenové tomografie ke kVantifikaci míry ...

Rozsypalová, I.; Kumpová, Ivana; Daněk, P.; Šimonová, H.; Keršner, Z.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Keltské meče
Kumpová, Ivana
2017 - Czech
Práce byla zaměřena na vytvoření metodiky využívající rentgenové (RTG) tomografické zobrazování pro průzkumy historických artefaktů na bázi kovů. V laboratoři RTG tomografie byly touto metodou zkoumány dva objekty – byly provedeny dvě tomografie raně středověkého meče v prekonzervační fázi doplněné o testovací měření bronzového náramku ze stejného období. Průzkum byl proveden za účelem odhalení technologie výroby, výzdoby a případných poškození. The work was focused on the development of the methodology using X-ray tomographic imaging for exploration of metal-based historical artefacts. In the laboratory of X-ray tomography, two objects were examined by this method - two tomography measurements of the early medieval sword in the pre-conservative phase were taken, supplemented by imaging if the bronze bracelet of the same period. The survey was conducted to reveal the technology of production, decoration and possible damage. Keywords: X-ray tomography; medieval sword; historical artefacts Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Keltské meče

Práce byla zaměřena na vytvoření metodiky využívající rentgenové (RTG) tomografické zobrazování pro průzkumy historických artefaktů na bázi kovů. V laboratoři RTG tomografie byly touto metodou ...

Kumpová, Ivana
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Zhodnocení jakostního stavu dřevěné konstrukce krovu, stropních konstrukcí v sondách, truhlářských prvků a zdiva Nové proboštství, nám. sv. Jiří č.p. 34, Pražský Hrad
Drdácký, Miloš; Frankl, Jiří; Kloiber, Michal
2017 - Czech
Zpráva obsahuje zhodnocení jakostního stavu dřevěné konstrukce krovu, stropních konstrukcí v sondách, truhlářských prvků a zdiva objektu Nové proboštství (Pražský hrad, nám. sv. Jiří č.p. 34) v souvislosti s plánovanou obnovou budovy. The report includes the results of the study focusing on the material properties of historical wooden roof structure and assessment of the state regarding the planned building reconstruction. Keywords: wooden roof structure; joinery elements; quality of wood Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Zhodnocení jakostního stavu dřevěné konstrukce krovu, stropních konstrukcí v sondách, truhlářských prvků a zdiva Nové proboštství, nám. sv. Jiří č.p. 34, Pražský Hrad

Zpráva obsahuje zhodnocení jakostního stavu dřevěné konstrukce krovu, stropních konstrukcí v sondách, truhlářských prvků a zdiva objektu Nové proboštství (Pražský hrad, nám. sv. Jiří č.p. 34) v ...

Drdácký, Miloš; Frankl, Jiří; Kloiber, Michal
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Iron alloys outdoor corrosion and laboratory simulation - comparison
Majtás, Dušan; Mácová, Petra; Kreislová, Kateřina; Příhoda, J.
2017 - English
Simulation of iron alloy corrosion is widespread used to predict corrosion resistance. The simulation using corrosion chambers or climatic chambers provides reasonable information on corrosion resistance, the corrosion rate however must be compared to real exposition as the corrosion in simulated environment is accelerated compared to real situation. However the composition of corrosion products and its structure is different question. The corrosion products composition is dependent on corrosion process. The phases present are most likely the same, most voluminous hydrated oxides and oxy-hydroxides on the outside where the less voluminous oxides are present in the lower layers. However this macroscopic phase structure may not fully describe the layered structure of corrosion products, thickness of corrosion products or mechanical properties. In the vicinity of crack in corrosion products the structure is more likely to be similar to the structure near the surface. Keywords: corrosion; wrought iron; accelerated ageing; corrosion simulation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Iron alloys outdoor corrosion and laboratory simulation - comparison

Simulation of iron alloy corrosion is widespread used to predict corrosion resistance. The simulation using corrosion chambers or climatic chambers provides reasonable information on corrosion ...

Majtás, Dušan; Mácová, Petra; Kreislová, Kateřina; Příhoda, J.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Analysis of Baroque sculpture based on X-ray fluorescence imaging and X-ray\ncomputed tomography data fusion
Vavřík, Daniel; Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal; Lauterkranc, J.
2017 - English
It is advantageous to combine information about geometry and the inner structure of historical artifacts with information about the elemental composition of decorative layers, typically covering historical wooden sculptures. X-ray computed tomography describing artifact structure is quite common and easy. Standard X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis of decorative layers is typically done for several selected spots of the artifact’s surface utilizing single pad detector. XRF imaging fully describing the surface’s elemental composition is commonly done for flat objects, while time consuming XRF tomography is applied to relatively small objects. It will be shown in this work that an effective fusion combination of XRF imaging and X-ray tomography describing the whole object can be realized even when using a limited number of XRF images. Keywords: X-ray computed tomography; X-ray flourescence imaging; cultural heritage; data fusion Fulltext is available at external website.
Analysis of Baroque sculpture based on X-ray fluorescence imaging and X-ray\ncomputed tomography data fusion

It is advantageous to combine information about geometry and the inner structure of historical artifacts with information about the elemental composition of decorative layers, typically covering ...

Vavřík, Daniel; Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal; Lauterkranc, J.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Analysis of mini-jack technique for in situ measurement of strength
Kloiber, Michal; Tippner, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Sebera, V.; Milch, J.; Hrivnák, Jaroslav
2017 - English
The paper presents a recently developed diagnostic technique for in situ determination of modulus of deformability (MODL) and conventional strength (CSL) parallel to the grain using the mini-jack inserted in bored hole. The mini-jack compression technique simulates the standard compression test, it is compared to that to examine its prediction strength (correlation coefficients). The paper shows an influence of moisture content of wood on experimental measurements using this technique. The measurement was carried out at spruce samples at three moisture contents of 12, 18 and 24%. The results of the tests prove a very good correlation of the strength determined by the proposed technique and wood density and strength determined at universal testing machine in compression parallel to the grain. The effect of the moisture content on the measurement by the mini-jack technique was proved to be significant. Beside that, the newly-developed instrument was also studied using digital image correlation (DIC) technique to analyze induced strains around the bored hole. This was studied on halved spruce samples. The DIC revealed symmetric character of the loading and significant differences between strains induced in tangential and longitudinal directions. Keywords: non-destructive testing; mini-jack technique; wood; in-situ testing; compression strength Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Analysis of mini-jack technique for in situ measurement of strength

The paper presents a recently developed diagnostic technique for in situ determination of modulus of deformability (MODL) and conventional strength (CSL) parallel to the grain using the mini-jack ...

Kloiber, Michal; Tippner, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Sebera, V.; Milch, J.; Hrivnák, Jaroslav
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Mechanical analysis of scarf joint fastened using cylindrical wooden dowel
Tippner, J.; Milch, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Kloiber, Michal; Brabec, M.; Sebera, V.
2017 - English
Traditional all-wooden woodworking joints play an important role in the behaviour of timber structures. These joints are also widely used when historically valuable constructions are being reconstructed and the connections are usually the masterpieces that testify to the high carpentry skills and knowledges of the overall mechanical behaviour. Within historical timber structures traditional carpentry joints were used while wooden dowel fixed mutual position of elements. Main aim of this study was to contribute to knowledge base about prediction and analysis of the mechanical performance of frequently used scarf joints made from spruce wood fastened using oak dowels. The objectives were to determine the joints' slip moduli and load-carrying capacity by means of theoretical and experimental approaches, in next to assess the mechanical behaviour of dowels through experimental investigation, and finally to perform a strain analysis of dowels. For these purposes, the optical technique employing three-dimensional full-field digital image correlation was used. The experiments were done on the full-scale specimens meeting the requirements of European standards (EN 383 and EN 26891), which were made from Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) and English oak (Quercus robur L.). The mechanical load consisted in tensile parallel and perpendicular to grain direction within the main components. The results of this study showed good correlation between theoretical approach based on based on Beam on Elastic Foundation theory and European yield model theory and experimental observations. Keywords: all-wooden joints; scarf joint; dowel; spruce; oak; digital image correlation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Mechanical analysis of scarf joint fastened using cylindrical wooden dowel

Traditional all-wooden woodworking joints play an important role in the behaviour of timber structures. These joints are also widely used when historically valuable constructions are being ...

Tippner, J.; Milch, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Kloiber, Michal; Brabec, M.; Sebera, V.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Deformation behaviour of gellan gum based artificial bone structures under simulated physiological conditions
Krčmářová, N.; Šleichrt, J.; Fíla, Tomáš; Koudelka_ml., Petr; Kytýř, Daniel
2017 - English
The paper deals with investigation of deformation behaviour of gellan gum (GG) based\nstructures prepared for regenerative medicine purposes. Investigated material was synthesized as porous spongy-like scaffold reinforced by bioactive glass (BAG) nano-particles in different concentrations. Deformation behavior was obtained employing custom designed experimental setup. This device equipped with bioreactor chamber allows to test the delivered samples under simulated physiological conditions with controlled flow and temperature. Cylindrical samples were subjected to uniaxial quasi-static loading in tension and compression. Material properties of plain scaffold buffered by 50 wt% and 70 wt% BAG were derived from a set of tensile and compression tests. The results are represented in form of stress-strain curves calculated from the acquired force and displacement data. Keywords: gellan gum scaffold; reinforcement; uni-axial loading; simulated physiological conditions Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Deformation behaviour of gellan gum based artificial bone structures under simulated physiological conditions

The paper deals with investigation of deformation behaviour of gellan gum (GG) based\nstructures prepared for regenerative medicine purposes. Investigated material was synthesized as porous ...

Krčmářová, N.; Šleichrt, J.; Fíla, Tomáš; Koudelka_ml., Petr; Kytýř, Daniel
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

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