Number of found documents: 91
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From Denunciation to Humour. Forms of Attacks by Preachers on non-Roman Catholic Believers in selected Czech Sunday Postils
Havelka, Tomáš
2017 - English
This paper deals with forms of attacks on protestants in bohemical sermons mainly in second half of 17th Century and first half of 18th Century. Although counter reformation has definitely changed confessional conditions in Bohemia after victory on White Mountain battle, protestants persisted as one of most dangerous and strange enemy of pure faith. This attitude aimed mainly to Czech speaking believers and has been persuasively repeated in a lot of deeply influential homiletic works, namely in postils (in Sunday as well as in Feast ones). The aim of paper is inspect the most important Czech Sunday postils and evaluate frequency, strategy and forms of attacks. Excerpted postils were written by Š. Berlička-Scipio, M. V. Štajer, K. Račín, Š. F. Náchodský, F. Veselý, A. Koniáš etc. Some of these postils were clearly published as „a tool“ of strict counter reformation (M. V. Štajer, A. Koniáš), thus shape of their attitudes to protestants should be interesting. Other postils were composed as a manifestation of a moderate process of the counter reformation (F. Veselý); finally, we can find authors with really peculiar way of literary form and type of persuasion as well (Š. F. Náchodský). Keywords: homiletics; Sunday Postils; Early Modern Culture; preacher Available at various institutes of the ASCR
From Denunciation to Humour. Forms of Attacks by Preachers on non-Roman Catholic Believers in selected Czech Sunday Postils

This paper deals with forms of attacks on protestants in bohemical sermons mainly in second half of 17th Century and first half of 18th Century. Although counter reformation has definitely changed ...

Havelka, Tomáš
Filosofický ústav, 2017

Europe: A Land od Many Names. An Essay on Czech Context of Europe
Hlaváček, Petr
2015 - English
Analysis of the concept of Central Europe in historical and current context of Czechia, Europe and the West. Keywords: Central Europe; West; Czechia; geopolitics Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Europe: A Land od Many Names. An Essay on Czech Context of Europe

Analysis of the concept of Central Europe in historical and current context of Czechia, Europe and the West.

Hlaváček, Petr
Filosofický ústav, 2015

The Philosophy of Purposeless Time
Hauser, Michael
2014 - English
The article addresses the issue of leisure in the sense of ancient schole. It strives to uncover the relationship between Aristotelian concept of theoretical activity and schole as vacuity. It shows a paradoxical character of schole as purposeless time that forms condition for a meaningful activity. How, then, to restore schole as vacuity today, when colonization of time expands? Keywords: Time; leisure; schole; Platon; Aristotle; Marcuse; neoliberalism Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The Philosophy of Purposeless Time

The article addresses the issue of leisure in the sense of ancient schole. It strives to uncover the relationship between Aristotelian concept of theoretical activity and schole as vacuity. It shows a ...

Hauser, Michael
Filosofický ústav, 2014

Temporal Prediction in the Work of Pavel Tichý
Kužel, Petr
2014 - English
The paper deals with temporal prediction within a theoretical system of transparent intentional logic of Czech logician Pavel Tichy. Article in a nutshell characterizes Tichy's arguments against atemporal or time-less conception of Bertrand Russell. It shows how on base of temporal prediction is possible to overcome some logical paradoxes. Explicitly is treated for example McTaggart's paradox. Keywords: temporal prediction; atemporal prediction; transparent intentional logic; transiency; time; indexical terms; McTaggart paradox Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Temporal Prediction in the Work of Pavel Tichý

The paper deals with temporal prediction within a theoretical system of transparent intentional logic of Czech logician Pavel Tichy. Article in a nutshell characterizes Tichy's arguments against ...

Kužel, Petr
Filosofický ústav, 2014

Identificatory functions of the description in a fictional text
Koťátko, Petr
2014 - English
The author argues that descriptions used in narrative fiction typically function as incomplete descriptions of complete entities, rather than as descriptions of incomplete entities. This presupposes a specific account of fictional worlds and their inhabitants. Keywords: description; narrative fiction; fictional world; popis; text Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Identificatory functions of the description in a fictional text

The author argues that descriptions used in narrative fiction typically function as incomplete descriptions of complete entities, rather than as descriptions of incomplete entities. This presupposes a ...

Koťátko, Petr
Filosofický ústav, 2014

Philosophical Perspective of Humanist Discourse on History: Ars Historica in Patrizi's and Pontano's Dialogues
Šolcová, Kateřina
2014 - English
The renaissance revival of classical learning raised an interest in history that found expression in a new literary genre, ars historica. In this contribution I provide an analysis of two ars historica examples: The dialogue Actius (written around 1499) by the Neapolitan humanist Giovanni Pontano (1426-1503), which emphasized the literary context of history, and Francesco Patrizi’s (1529-1597) Della historia. Dieci dialoghi (1560), underscoring the appropriate method with focus on the true motivations of historical events. A comparison of these two remarkable works will show in which features the humanist authors anticipated the future development that elevated history to a conceptually independent discipline. Keywords: ars historica; G. G. Pontano; F. Patrizi; historiography Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Philosophical Perspective of Humanist Discourse on History: Ars Historica in Patrizi's and Pontano's Dialogues

The renaissance revival of classical learning raised an interest in history that found expression in a new literary genre, ars historica. In this contribution I provide an analysis of two ars ...

Šolcová, Kateřina
Filosofický ústav, 2014

Natural or Artificial Intelligence?
Havlík, Vladimír
2013 - English
The distinction between natural and artificial is the basic question which fundamentally affects other considerations and conclusions connected with artificial intelligence. The article deals with few examples of natural-artificial distinction in the philosophy of science and then discuss what results from it for the problem of intelligence. On the basis of Dennett’s conception of intentionality it tries to show that besides the traditional conception there is another perspective in which the natural-artificial distinction disappears. Keywords: artificial intelligence; natural intelligence; artifact; natural process; intrinsic intentionality; umělá inteligence; inteligence Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Natural or Artificial Intelligence?

The distinction between natural and artificial is the basic question which fundamentally affects other considerations and conclusions connected with artificial intelligence. The article deals with few ...

Havlík, Vladimír
Filosofický ústav, 2013

Is Semiotic Also Competent for Man's Communication with Technical Artefacts
Tondl, Ladislav
2011 - English
The paper justifies the competence of semiotics for studying and explaining the communication between man and technical artefact. This includes the languages of communication forms, the ability of both participants to accept, to understand and to create adequate reactions. For all types of these communication forms, there exist requirements placed not only on the technical artefact, but also on the human partner or user including not only the sufficient ability, knowledge equipment, but also the value aspects and responsibility. Keywords: communication; language; vocabulary; rules; value aspects of communication; komunikování; pravidla Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Is Semiotic Also Competent for Man's Communication with Technical Artefacts

The paper justifies the competence of semiotics for studying and explaining the communication between man and technical artefact. This includes the languages of communication forms, the ability of ...

Tondl, Ladislav
Filosofický ústav, 2011

Francisco Suárez (1548-1617) and Joannes Senftleben (1648-1693) on the Possibles, Essences and Eternal Truths. The Reception of Suárez's Metaphysics in Senftlebens Philosophia Aristotelica universa'
Heider, Daniel
2010 - English
The paper presents the life and work of the Polish-Bohemian philosopher and theologian of the second half of the 17th century Joannes Senftleben. It focuses on his reception of Suárez's metaphysics, namely the reception of the issues of possibles, the nature of distinction between the essential and existential being of the finite beings and the question of eternal truths. Keywords: possibles; essences; eternal truths; logical possibility; the Divine omnipotence; emise; práce Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Francisco Suárez (1548-1617) and Joannes Senftleben (1648-1693) on the Possibles, Essences and Eternal Truths. The Reception of Suárez's Metaphysics in Senftlebens Philosophia Aristotelica universa'

The paper presents the life and work of the Polish-Bohemian philosopher and theologian of the second half of the 17th century Joannes Senftleben. It focuses on his reception of Suárez's metaphysics, ...

Heider, Daniel
Filosofický ústav, 2010

Maxmilian Wietrowski SJ on Future Contingents
Svoboda, David
2010 - English
The paper deals with the problem of the truth-value of the propositions about so-called future cotingents events as it was put forth by the Czech Jesuit M. Wietrowski (1660-1737). Wietrowski defens the general validity of the law of excluded middle as well as of the principle of bivalence and that is why he says that any proposition about the future kontingent event has determinate truth-value independently of the Divine decree. Keywords: M. Wietrowski; future contigents; Truth-maker; hodnota; makroinstrukce Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Maxmilian Wietrowski SJ on Future Contingents

The paper deals with the problem of the truth-value of the propositions about so-called future cotingents events as it was put forth by the Czech Jesuit M. Wietrowski (1660-1737). Wietrowski defens ...

Svoboda, David
Filosofický ústav, 2010

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