Number of found documents: 473
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The role of microstructure on wettability of plasma sprayed yttria stabilized zirconia coatings
Komarov, P.; Čelko, L.; Remešová, M.; Skorokhod, K.; Jech, D.; Klakurková, L.; Slámečka, K.; Mušálek, Radek
2018 - English
Atmospheric plasma spraying utilizing initial powder materials in micrometric size has been successfully used for various applications in different fields of the industry over the past several decades. Nowadays, the new trend in plasma spraying is to use sub-micron or nano-sized powder feedstocks in the form of colloidal suspension. This relatively new technology enables to obtain specific types of dense vertically cracked, fully dense or columnar microstructure. The aim of this work is to investigate the influence of coatings microstructure and topography on its water wetting properties. Two different microstructures, i.e. lamellar and columnar, were sprayed from chemically the same yttria-stabillized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics powders by the means of conventional atmospheric plasma spray and suspension hybrid water stabilized plasma spray techniques, respectively. Microstructural and phase composition of the initial powders and as-sprayed coatings were investigated using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction techniques. Topography of coatings surface was measured by means of non-contact optical profilometry. The YSZ coatings wettability was evaluated based on water droplet contact angle using Sessile droplet method. The coatings microstructure reveals the important role in the change of droplet contact angle, where lamellar microstructure was found close to hydrophilic-hydrophobic transition and columnar microstructure was found superhydrophobic Keywords: Contact angle; Plasma spraying; Sessile drop method; Water; Yttria stabilized zirconia Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The role of microstructure on wettability of plasma sprayed yttria stabilized zirconia coatings

Atmospheric plasma spraying utilizing initial powder materials in micrometric size has been successfully used for various applications in different fields of the industry over the past several ...

Komarov, P.; Čelko, L.; Remešová, M.; Skorokhod, K.; Jech, D.; Klakurková, L.; Slámečka, K.; Mušálek, Radek
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Combined coatings against mechanical wear and corrosion low carbon steel
Brožek, Vlastimil; Pokorný, P.; Kolísko, J.; Vokáč, M.; Mastný, L.; Stoulil, J.
2018 - English
In this study, special ceramic coatings were prepared on low carbon steel (1.0060 - EN 10027-2) via the plasma spraying technique using a WSP®-H plasma generator with output of up to 40 kg/h of aluminum oxide. Corundum coatings were deposited directly on the surface of steel plungers equipped with an anti-corrosion interlayer of zinc phosphate. Coating adhesion properties were tested using pin-off tests (modified ISO 4624) and reached a maximum value of 26 MPa. Corrosion resistance was evaluated by measurements of impedance spectra in the 100 kHz - 10 mHz range in a water solution of sodium sulfate. The capacity of electric double-layer varied depending on the porosity and thickness of the coating. Low-porosity coatings of >1.5 mm thickness had RCT 1.29·105 Ω·m2. The abrasive resistance of coatings was measured by rotary/machining test with SiC cutting knives, using a downforce of 50 kg·cm-2. Abrasion losses decreased with the quality of finish - starting at 0.00266 g cm-2 min-1 down to virtually zero losses after polishing the surface below Ra = 0.55 micro m. Keywords: Abrasion; Ceramic coatings; Corrosion resistance; Plasma spraying; Steel phosphating Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Combined coatings against mechanical wear and corrosion low carbon steel

In this study, special ceramic coatings were prepared on low carbon steel (1.0060 - EN 10027-2) via the plasma spraying technique using a WSP®-H plasma generator with output of up to 40 kg/h of ...

Brožek, Vlastimil; Pokorný, P.; Kolísko, J.; Vokáč, M.; Mastný, L.; Stoulil, J.
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Suspension plasma spraying of sub-stoichiometric titania by hybrid water/argon stabilized plasma torch
Mušálek, Radek; Ctibor, Pavel; Medřický, Jan; Tesař, Tomáš; Kotlan, Jiří; Lukáč, František
2018 - English
In this study, suspension plasma spraying of sub-stoichiometric titania was attempted using hybrid water/argon stabilized plasma torch (WSP-H). Porous coatings with fine cauliflower-like columnar microstructure were successfully deposited in two separate experiments with different power levels of the plasma torch. In both cases, high solid-load content (40 wt. %) of the water-based suspension resulted in considerable coating thickness increase per deposition cycle. Coating annealing and partial remelting of the surface asperities were also achieved by additional pass of plasma torch in front of the coating surface. According to X-ray diffraction, all coatings consisted dominantly of rutile phase. Detailed microscopic observation of the as-sprayed and annealed deposits showed that the local coloration of the coating (ranging from dark blue to beige) was driven by the local overheating of the rough coating surface which could also promote the oxygen intake. Moreover, sample annealing was also observed to increase the sample reflectivity as observed by UV-VIS-NIR scanning spectrophotometry Keywords: Liquid feedstock; Plasma spraying; Suspension; Thermal spraying; Titania; WSP-H Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Suspension plasma spraying of sub-stoichiometric titania by hybrid water/argon stabilized plasma torch

In this study, suspension plasma spraying of sub-stoichiometric titania was attempted using hybrid water/argon stabilized plasma torch (WSP-H). Porous coatings with fine cauliflower-like columnar ...

Mušálek, Radek; Ctibor, Pavel; Medřický, Jan; Tesař, Tomáš; Kotlan, Jiří; Lukáč, František
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Mechanical properties of plasma sprayed layers of NiAl10 and NiAl40 on AZ91 alloy
Kubatík, Tomáš František; Brodil, R.; Ctibor, Pavel; Průša, F.; Brožek, Vlastimil
2018 - English
In this work, plasma coatings of NiAl10 and NiAl40 on magnesium alloy AZ91 substrate were prepared by the hybrid plasma spraying system WSP®-H 500. The both plasma sprayed coatings of NiAl10 and NiAl40 have metallurgical bond. The thicknesses of microstructures in the cross-section of NiAl10 and NiAl40 plasma sprayed coatings prepared by 9 passes were 374 and 440 μm respectively. Adhesion test of plasma sprayed layers was performed using a modified ASTM C 633 standard. The tensile adhesion strength values are 24.7 MPa for NiAl10 coatings and 12.3 MPa for NiAl40 coatings. Abrasion resistance according to Slurry Abrasion Response (SAR) test of NiAl40 layers had similar values (0.12 g/cm2)in a comparison with the uncoated AZ91 (0.126 g/cm2). Layers NiAl10 had greater weight losses (0.175 g/cm2) than uncoated AZ91. Microhardness of plasma coating of NiAl40 is several times greater than microhardnesses of plasma coating of NiAl10 and uncoated substrate AZ91 Keywords: Adhesion strength; Nickel alloys; Plasma spraying; Wear resistance Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Mechanical properties of plasma sprayed layers of NiAl10 and NiAl40 on AZ91 alloy

In this work, plasma coatings of NiAl10 and NiAl40 on magnesium alloy AZ91 substrate were prepared by the hybrid plasma spraying system WSP®-H 500. The both plasma sprayed coatings of NiAl10 and ...

Kubatík, Tomáš František; Brodil, R.; Ctibor, Pavel; Průša, F.; Brožek, Vlastimil
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Alternative Methods of Permeation Barriers Preparation
Veverka, Jakub; Matějíček, Jiří
2018 - English
Permeation barriers represent one of the crucial fields in materials development for thermonuclear fusion. Primary objective of the barriers is to suppress the permeation of hydrogen isotopes (mainly tritium) from future thermonuclear fusion facilities. Secondary objective is to reduce their retention in structural materials. Expected reactor conditions put high demands on the material, as well as on the final barrier quality. Key properties are tritium permeation reduction, absence of defects (especially cracks), high-temperature stability and corrossion resistance, and compatibility with structural materials (mostly ferritic-martensitic steels). Thin nitride layers, identified as promising permeation barriers, were prepared by diffusion-based nitridation and physical vapour deposition (PVD), and characterized. Keywords: Permeation barriers; Nitride layers; PVD coating; Permeation measurement Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Alternative Methods of Permeation Barriers Preparation

Permeation barriers represent one of the crucial fields in materials development for thermonuclear fusion. Primary objective of the barriers is to suppress the permeation of hydrogen isotopes (mainly ...

Veverka, Jakub; Matějíček, Jiří
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Simulace zbytkových optických vad objektivu Merz 124/1477
Rail, Zdeněk; Melich, Zbyněk; Šrajer, Bohdan
2017 - Czech
Tento objektiv byl na Ústavu fyziky plazmatu,v.v.i., Centru Toptec v Turnově restaurován. Během tohoto procesu jsme získali možnost objektiv na optické lavici přeměřit a vyčíslit jeho zbytkové optické vady. Objektiv byl vyroben kolem roku 1860-1870. This objective lens was renoved in the Institute of Plasma Physics, v.v.i. Center Toptec in Turnov. During the process we got a possibility to measure the objective lens on the optical bench and to evaluate its residual optical aberrations. The objective lens was manufactured in 1860-1870 years Keywords: Achromatic dublet; spherochromatic aberration; coma; dispersion curve of glass; B-F chromatic correction Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Simulace zbytkových optických vad objektivu Merz 124/1477

Tento objektiv byl na Ústavu fyziky plazmatu,v.v.i., Centru Toptec v Turnově restaurován. Během tohoto procesu jsme získali možnost objektiv na optické lavici přeměřit a vyčíslit jeho zbytkové optické ...

Rail, Zdeněk; Melich, Zbyněk; Šrajer, Bohdan
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

Optické parametry význačných refraktorů
Rail, Zdeněk; Jareš, Daniel; Pintr, Pavel; Vápenka, David
2017 - Czech
V tomto referátu publikujeme optické parametry několika historických dalekohledů, které jsme v literatuře a na webových stránkách získali. Data byla vložena do optického programu ZEMAX, v němž byly vyčísleny jejich zbytkové vady. In this paper we publish the optical parameters of several historic telescopes, which we have found in scientific literature or web pages. Data were inputed into the optical program ZEMAX, which evaluated their residual aberrations. Keywords: Achromatic objective lens; spherochromatic aberration; coma; residual chromatic aberration; Index of refraction; dispersion curve of glass Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Optické parametry význačných refraktorů

V tomto referátu publikujeme optické parametry několika historických dalekohledů, které jsme v literatuře a na webových stránkách získali. Data byla vložena do optického programu ZEMAX, v němž byly ...

Rail, Zdeněk; Jareš, Daniel; Pintr, Pavel; Vápenka, David
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

Deformation of thin self-standing mask at inhomogeneous irradiation.
Koláček, Karel; Schmidt, Jiří; Frolov, Oleksandr; Štraus, Jaroslav; Chalupský, Jaromír; Choukourov, A.
2017 - English
Flatness of the mask is one of key features influencing the quality of image. Among factors that can affect mask flatness belongs inhomogeneous illumination. This does not apply to lithography, but to experiments that use only discrete parts of mask e.g. for nanostructuring or other type of material research. It is shown that even single EUV laser shot (laser wavelength ~46.9 nm, pulse duration ~1.5 ns, focused pulse energy ~20 .mu.J, peak fluency 48 J/cm2) not only deforms the mask, but also changes mask-substrate distance. In our case two kinds of grids (one circular with rectangular windows 7.5x7.5 μm and bars 5 micro m (period 12.5x12.5 micro m), other rectangular with rectangular windows 3.2x1.2 μm and bars 0.8 micro m (period 4x2 micro m)) were attached to PMMA substrate and exposed to one or five superimposed focused laser shots. The mask (grid) deformation was inferred from the changes of diffraction pattern engraved into PMMA. Keywords: interaction of XUV radiation with solid surface; nanostructuring; nanopatterning; XUV diffraction Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Deformation of thin self-standing mask at inhomogeneous irradiation.

Flatness of the mask is one of key features influencing the quality of image. Among factors that can affect mask flatness belongs inhomogeneous illumination. This does not apply to lithography, but to ...

Koláček, Karel; Schmidt, Jiří; Frolov, Oleksandr; Štraus, Jaroslav; Chalupský, Jaromír; Choukourov, A.
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

The role of pre-ionization on EUV capillary laser profile.
Štraus, Jaroslav; Schmidt, Jiří; Koláček, Karel; Frolov, Oleksandr
2017 - English
The profile of EUV capillary laser beam was believed to be an annulus and a corresponding theory for its explanation was generally accepted. Nevertheless, our recent detailed observation shows, that the laser profile can be remarkably influenced by the parameters of pre-pulse, serving for working gas pre-ionisation before introduction the main current into the capillary. The examples of possible profile shapes and corresponding parameters are presented. Keywords: Pre-pulse; capillary XUV laser beam profile Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The role of pre-ionization on EUV capillary laser profile.

The profile of EUV capillary laser beam was believed to be an annulus and a corresponding theory for its explanation was generally accepted. Nevertheless, our recent detailed observation shows, that ...

Štraus, Jaroslav; Schmidt, Jiří; Koláček, Karel; Frolov, Oleksandr
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

Material design problems of plasma-chemical reactors for disposal perfluorinated compounds
Brožek, Vlastimil; Březina, Václav; Mastný, L.; Kubatík, Tomáš František; Živný, Oldřich
2017 - English
Reduction of perfluorinated gases emissions from semiconductor industry has recently introduced a serious problem from both technological and economic side. With respect to chemistry of the decomposition reactions the most effective abatement techniques developed up to now consists in the interaction of those gaseous pollutants with several types of plasmas. In the framework of Czech-Taiwanese bilateral project No. 17-10246J 'Decomposition of Perfluorinated Compounds and Fluorinated Ozone Depleting Substances' a new plasmochemical reactor design is to be solved. In this reactor the plasma abatement process consisting of interaction of the plasma generated by unique watter stabilized H-WSP plasma torch at temperatures ranging\nfrom 2000 K up to 25,000 K with the treated gases will be carried out. However, the main product generated in the reactor during the steam plasma abatement process is hydrogen fluoride which causes corrosion of almost every construction material. The aim pursued by the work presented is to search for the materials resistant to exposition of HF even at high temperatures. To investigate corrosion resistance of construction materials with thermal stability within temperature interval 2700-3000 °C titan nitride, boron nitride, and silicon carbide have been selected. The samples of those materials have been prepared by spark plasma sintering method and exposed to concentrated solution of hydrofluoric acid for which corrosion rates have been measured Keywords: perfluorinated compounds; thermal plasma torch; boron nitride; titanium nitride; silicon carbide Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Material design problems of plasma-chemical reactors for disposal perfluorinated compounds

Reduction of perfluorinated gases emissions from semiconductor industry has recently introduced a serious problem from both technological and economic side. With respect to chemistry of the ...

Brožek, Vlastimil; Březina, Václav; Mastný, L.; Kubatík, Tomáš František; Živný, Oldřich
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

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