Number of found documents: 523
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Formování kapek v systému dvou nemísitelných kapalin
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
2017 - Czech
Velikost kapek při míchání dvou vzájemně nemísitelných kapalin závisí především na působení vnějších sil. Smyková napětí působící na částici v závislosti na fyzikálních parametrech (povrchové napětí, hustota, viskozita) ovlivňují konečnou distribuci velikostí tvořených kapek. V první fázi jsme se pokusili modelovat dvě reálné nemísitelné kapaliny voda-silikonový olej, které jsou dány svými vlastnostmi. A to na jednoduchém případě výtoku z kapiláry, kde jsme se snažili ověřit, zda a jak moc přesně lze modelovat chování tohoto systému s různými odchylkami fyzikálních parametrů. Dále jsme se snažili určit rovnovážné a mezní stavy v závislosti na zadaných fyzikálních vlastnostech. Keywords: VOF; liquid; multiphase Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Formování kapek v systému dvou nemísitelných kapalin

Velikost kapek při míchání dvou vzájemně nemísitelných kapalin závisí především na působení vnějších sil. Smyková napětí působící na částici v závislosti na fyzikálních parametrech (povrchové napětí, ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
2017 - English
The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic energy. The dissipation rate is commonly assumed to be a function of the impeller power input. But this approach gives no information about distribution of the dissipation rate inside the agitated volume. In this paper the distributions of the dissipation rate inside the agitated vessels are estimated by evaluations of the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics). The results obtained from RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations) k-epsilon turbulent model and LES (Large Eddy Simulations) with Smagorinsky SGS (Sub Grid Scale) model are compared. The agitated vessels with standard geometry equipped with four baffles and stirred by either a standard Rushton turbine or a high shear impeller were investigated. The results are compared with mean dissipation rate estimated from the total impeller power input. Keywords: flow; large-eddy simulation Fulltext is available at external website.
Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel

The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region
Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
2017 - English
The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical flat bottom vessel 400 mm in inner diameter agitated by a Rushton turbine 133 mm in diameter. The velocity fields were measured in the zone in upward flow to the impeller for impeller rotation speeds from 300 rpm to 850 rpm and three liquids of different viscosities (i.e. (i) distilled water, ii) a 28% vol. aqueous solution of glycol, and iii) a 43% vol. aqueous solution of glycol), corresponding to the impeller Reynolds number in the range 50 000 < Re < 189 000. This Re range secures the fully-developed turbulent flow of agitated liquid. In accordance with the theory of mixing, the dimensionless mean and fluctuation velocities in the measured directions were found to be constant and independent of the impeller Reynolds number. On the basis of the test results the spatial distributions of dimensionless velocities were calculated. The axial turbulence intensity was found to be in the majority in the range from 0.388 to 0.540, which corresponds to the high level of turbulence intensity. Fulltext is available at external website.
Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region

The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical ...

Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Řízený pohyb kulové částice v kanále s volnou hladinou
Chára, Zdeněk; Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří
2017 - Czech
V příspěvku jsou prezentovány experimentální výsledky proudění kolem kulovité částice, kdy částice je umístěna na tenké tyčce a její pohyb je řízen asynchronním motorkem. Pro určení rychlostních polí kolem pohybující se částice byla použita metoda 2D PIV. Měření se uskutečnila v kanále s volnou hladinou, jehož dno bylo pokryto jednou vrstvou skleněných tyček o průměru 6mm. Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Řízený pohyb kulové částice v kanále s volnou hladinou

V příspěvku jsou prezentovány experimentální výsledky proudění kolem kulovité částice, kdy částice je umístěna na tenké tyčce a její pohyb je řízen asynchronním motorkem. Pro určení rychlostních polí ...

Chára, Zdeněk; Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Simulation of collagen solution flow in rectangular capillary
Kysela, Bohuš; Skočilas, J.; Zitny, R.; Stancl, J; Houska, M.; Landfeld, A.
2017 - English
The viscoelastic properties of foods and polymers can be evaluated from flow of the material in capillary with specified dimension and shape. The extrusion rheometer equipped by capillary with rectangular cross-section was used for determination of the rheological behaviour of water collagen solution. The measurements of the axial profiles in longitudinal direction of the total stresses at capillary wall were performed for various shear rates. The linear viscoelastic model of Oldroyd B type: White-Metzner model was used for simulation of fluid flow in OpenFOAM software package. The simulations describe the effect of relaxation time on wall total stress in convergent-divergent capillary. Fulltext is available at external website.
Simulation of collagen solution flow in rectangular capillary

The viscoelastic properties of foods and polymers can be evaluated from flow of the material in capillary with specified dimension and shape. The extrusion rheometer equipped by capillary with ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Skočilas, J.; Zitny, R.; Stancl, J; Houska, M.; Landfeld, A.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Flow behaviour and structure of heterogeneous particles-water mixture in horizontal and inclined pipes
Vlasák, Pavel; Chára, Zdeněk; Konfršt, Jiří
2017 - English
Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Flow behaviour and structure of heterogeneous particles-water mixture in horizontal and inclined pipes

Vlasák, Pavel; Chára, Zdeněk; Konfršt, Jiří
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Simulace pohybu částic v nakloněném potrubí pomocí kombinace CFD a DEM
Mildner, Michael; Konfršt, Jiří; Kysela, Bohuš; Chára, Zdeněk; Vlasák, Pavel
2017 - Czech
Numerická simulace proudění rozplavených hrubozrnných suspenzí (hydrotransport, odlučovače atp.) vyžaduje použití výpočtů pro vícefázové proudění. Za předpokladu toku suspenze (např. vody a pevných částic) v uzavřených profilech bez přístupu vzduchu můžeme úlohu zjednodušit na dvoufázové proudění (voda-pevné částice). Vhodným nástrojem pro výpočet takovéhoto dvoufázového proudění je kombinace metody konečných objemů FVM s metodou diskrétních elementů DEM. Metoda diskrétních elementů je použita na řešení kolizí mezi jednotlivými částicemi, což je nezbytnou podmínkou pro reálné řešení proudění více- koncentrovaných suspenzí. Numerická simulace byla provedena na jednoduché geometrii nakloněného potrubí, kde jsou získané výsledky porovnávány s výsledky získanými na experimentální trase pro transport suspenzí opatřené sklopnou částí. Keywords: CFD; FVM; DEM; transport of suspension Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Simulace pohybu částic v nakloněném potrubí pomocí kombinace CFD a DEM

Numerická simulace proudění rozplavených hrubozrnných suspenzí (hydrotransport, odlučovače atp.) vyžaduje použití výpočtů pro vícefázové proudění. Za předpokladu toku suspenze (např. vody a pevných ...

Mildner, Michael; Konfršt, Jiří; Kysela, Bohuš; Chára, Zdeněk; Vlasák, Pavel
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

In-situ measurement of particle size distribution in an agitated vessel
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.
2017 - English
Agitation of solid-liquid suspension or two immiscible liquids is a frequent operation in chemical and metallurgical industries (suspension/emulsion polymerization, catalytic chemical reaction, hydrometallurgical solvent extraction). The product quality, yield and economy of the processes are significantly affected by a mixing process. Prediction of mean particle/drop size and particle/drop size distribution (PSD) during the agitation is fundamental for emulsification, suspension polymerization, solid particle dispersion or crystallization. \nThe aim of this contribution is to propose a simple method of in-situ measurement of particle size distribution. The particle size measurement is based on an image analysis performed on raw image records. Evaluation method based on the best focused particles with sharp detected boundaries enhanced by the analysis of particle circularity was developed. Precise spherical mono-disperse steel and plastic particles were used to verify accuracy of evaluation method. The method has been proposed for the measurement of the time evolution of the drop size distribution in liquid-liquid dispersion in an agitated tank. The effect of droplet size distribution on the impeller speed in wateroil dispersion in agitated vessel was obtained. Keywords: particles; droplets; PSD; image analysis; agitated vessel Available at various institutes of the ASCR
In-situ measurement of particle size distribution in an agitated vessel

Agitation of solid-liquid suspension or two immiscible liquids is a frequent operation in chemical and metallurgical industries (suspension/emulsion polymerization, catalytic chemical reaction, ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

The minimum record time for PIV measurement in a vessel agitated by a Rushton turbine
Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
2017 - English
In PIV studies published in the literature focusing on the investigation of the flow field in an agitated vessel the record time is ranging from the tenths and the units of seconds. The aim of this work was to determine minimum record time for PIV measurement in a vessel agitated by a Rushton turbine that is necessary to obtain relevant results of velocity field. The velocity fields were measured in a fully baffled cylindrical flat bottom vessel 400 mm in inner diameter agitated by a Rushton turbine 133 mm in diameter using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry in the impeller Reynolds number range from 50 000 to 189 000. This Re range secures the fully-developed turbulent flow of agitated liquid. Three liquids of different viscosities were used as the agitated liquid. On the basis of the analysis of the radial and axial components of the mean- and fluctuation velocities measured outside the impeller region it was found that dimensionless minimum record time is independent of impeller Reynolds number and is equalled N. t(Rmin) = 103 +/- 19. Fulltext is available at external website.
The minimum record time for PIV measurement in a vessel agitated by a Rushton turbine

In PIV studies published in the literature focusing on the investigation of the flow field in an agitated vessel the record time is ranging from the tenths and the units of seconds. The aim of this ...

Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Deposition limit velocity: effect of particle size distribution
Matoušek, Václav; Visintainer, R.; Furlan, J.; McCall II, G.; Sellgren, A.
2017 - English
Industrial settling slurries often consist of particles of very different sizes; the particle size distribution may cover sizes which differ with two orders of magnitude. A broad particle size distribution affects parameters of slurry flow including deposition limit velocity. We present experimental results of the deposition limit velocity collected during a comprehensive experimental campaign testing slurry flows composed of solids of different fractions in the GIW Hydraulic Laboratory in 2016. Four narrow graded fractions (carrier fluid, pseudo-homogeneous, heterogeneous, and stratified) were tested in permutations from the individual components to the complete mixture at various concentrations. The primary experiments were carried out in a 203-mm pipe, and selected corresponding experiments were repeated in a 103-mm pipe. The experimental results show that interactions among components affect the resulting deposition limit velocity in flows of broadly graded settling slurries. The effect of particle size distribution on the deposition limit velocity is not benign. The deposit velocity is not necessarily lower in a flow of slurry composed of four components than in slurry flow of one component with the highest deposit velocity from the four components. We discuss possible modifications of a deposit velocity predictive model in order to take effects of a broad particle size distribution into account. Keywords: settling slurry flow; deposit in pipe; four component model; mixture flow experiment Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Deposition limit velocity: effect of particle size distribution

Industrial settling slurries often consist of particles of very different sizes; the particle size distribution may cover sizes which differ with two orders of magnitude. A broad particle size ...

Matoušek, Václav; Visintainer, R.; Furlan, J.; McCall II, G.; Sellgren, A.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

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