Number of found documents: 14698
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Analysis of Baroque sculpture based on X-ray fluorescence imaging and X-ray\ncomputed tomography data fusion
Vavřík, Daniel; Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal; Lauterkranc, J.
2017 - English
It is advantageous to combine information about geometry and the inner structure of historical artifacts with information about the elemental composition of decorative layers, typically covering historical wooden sculptures. X-ray computed tomography describing artifact structure is quite common and easy. Standard X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis of decorative layers is typically done for several selected spots of the artifact’s surface utilizing single pad detector. XRF imaging fully describing the surface’s elemental composition is commonly done for flat objects, while time consuming XRF tomography is applied to relatively small objects. It will be shown in this work that an effective fusion combination of XRF imaging and X-ray tomography describing the whole object can be realized even when using a limited number of XRF images. Keywords: X-ray computed tomography; X-ray flourescence imaging; cultural heritage; data fusion Fulltext is available at external website.
Analysis of Baroque sculpture based on X-ray fluorescence imaging and X-ray\ncomputed tomography data fusion

It is advantageous to combine information about geometry and the inner structure of historical artifacts with information about the elemental composition of decorative layers, typically covering ...

Vavřík, Daniel; Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal; Lauterkranc, J.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous higher grading
Zuevsky, Alexander
2017 - English
A construction of equations and solutions for the sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous grading as an example of higher grading a ne Toda models are considered. Keywords: soliton solutions; affine Toda modes; homogeneous sine-Gordon model Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous higher grading

A construction of equations and solutions for the sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous grading as an example of higher grading a ne Toda models are considered.

Zuevsky, Alexander
Matematický ústav, 2017

Valley evolution of the Biala Lądecka drainage network during late Cenozoic, Lower Silesia, Poland
Stemberk, Jakub; Štěpančíková, Petra; Tábořík, Petr; Coubal, Miroslav
2017 - English
Biala Lądecka (Biala Kłodzka) river is located in Lower Silesia (Poland) and its valley separates Góry Złote Mts.\n(Rychlebské hory Mts.) on the NE from Góry Bialskie Mts. on the SW. We conducted geomorphic investigations on the Biala\nLądecka river basin, in order to determine if Quarternary tectonic activity at the Bělský fault (or near Marginal Sudetic fault) is\ncontributing to the river’s asymmetry. Our research was focused on analysis of selected landforms, DEM parameters,\nmorphometric indexes and their spatial distribution which could potentially indicate recent tectonic activity in the area. At\nselected places geophysical measures were used to discover proper location and structure of Bělský fault or presence of\nsuggested morpholineaments. Preliminary results suggest a Quaternary tectonic activity for the Bělský fault. Moreover we tried\nto clarify nowadays stress regime in study area based striae measurement on fault planes and precise monitoring of selected\nfaults using TM-71 device. Keywords: Poland - Czech border; NE Europe; stable continental areas; Biala Lądecka river; Bělský fault; morphometric indexes; DEM analysis Fulltext is available at external website.
Valley evolution of the Biala Lądecka drainage network during late Cenozoic, Lower Silesia, Poland

Biala Lądecka (Biala Kłodzka) river is located in Lower Silesia (Poland) and its valley separates Góry Złote Mts.\n(Rychlebské hory Mts.) on the NE from Góry Bialskie Mts. on the SW. We conducted ...

Stemberk, Jakub; Štěpančíková, Petra; Tábořík, Petr; Coubal, Miroslav
Ústav struktury a mechaniky hornin, 2017

Courant algebroid connections and string effective actions
Jurčo, B.; Vysoký, Jan
2017 - English
Courant algebroids are a natural generalization of quadratic Lie algebras, appearing in various contexts in mathematical physics. A connection on a Courant algebroid gives an analogue of a covariant derivative compatible with a given fiber-wise metric. Imposing further conditions resembling standard Levi-Civita connections, one obtains a class of connections whose curvature tensor in certain cases gives a new geometrical description of equations of motion of low energy effective action of string theory. Two examples are given. One is the so called symplectic gravity, the second one is an application to the the so called heterotic reduction. All necessary definitions, propositions and theorems are given in a detailed and self-contained way. Keywords: Courant algebroid connections; low-energy effective actions; Levi-Civita connections Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Courant algebroid connections and string effective actions

Courant algebroids are a natural generalization of quadratic Lie algebras, appearing in various contexts in mathematical physics. A connection on a Courant algebroid gives an analogue of a covariant ...

Jurčo, B.; Vysoký, Jan
Matematický ústav, 2017

Influence of surface morphology on fatigue behavior of metastable austenitic stainless steel AISI 347 at ambient temperature and 300°C
Smaga, M.; Skorupski, R.; Mayer, P.; Kirsch, B.; Aurich, J. C.; Raid, I.; Seewig, J.; Man, Jiří; Eifler, D.; Beck, T.
2017 - English
The effect of surface modification by cryogenic turning on fatigue behavior of metastable austenitic stainless steel AISI 347 was investigated in stress-controlled fatigue tests at ambient temperature (AT) and 300 °C in air. Five different surface morphologies were manufactured by the variation of turning parameters. Surface and near surface morphology were comprehensively characterized by various experimental techniques. The experimental data on the cyclic deformation behavior, stress-strain response and fatigue life for all surface morphologies are reported. Keywords: metastable austenitic stainless steel; cryogenic turning; fatigue; surface morphology; martensite Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Influence of surface morphology on fatigue behavior of metastable austenitic stainless steel AISI 347 at ambient temperature and 300°C

The effect of surface modification by cryogenic turning on fatigue behavior of metastable austenitic stainless steel AISI 347 was investigated in stress-controlled fatigue tests at ambient temperature ...

Smaga, M.; Skorupski, R.; Mayer, P.; Kirsch, B.; Aurich, J. C.; Raid, I.; Seewig, J.; Man, Jiří; Eifler, D.; Beck, T.
Ústav fyziky materiálů, 2017

On the scientific utilisation of low power research reactors
Mikula, Pavol; Strunz, Pavel
2017 - English
In our contribution we focus our attention on the scientific utilisation of the beam tubes at the low power research reactor LVR-15. Namely, it will be reported about the neutron scattering instrumentation development and the educational possibilities at the low power neutron sources. The feasibility of carrying out the methodology and instrumental development research at the low power neutron sources will be demonstrated on designs of several high resolution and good luminosity neutron scattering instruments exploiting Bragg diffraction optics. Some of them have been already realized e.g. for small angle neutron scattering studies or residual strain/stress measurements. As the mentioned instrumental development and testing can be carried out at the low power neutron sources, due to the much lower safety requirements in comparison with the medium and high flux sources, they offer excellent educational and training programmes in neutron scattering or imaging for students. Keywords: low power reactor; research with thermal neutrons; LVR-15 Available at various institutes of the ASCR
On the scientific utilisation of low power research reactors

In our contribution we focus our attention on the scientific utilisation of the beam tubes at the low power research reactor LVR-15. Namely, it will be reported about the neutron scattering ...

Mikula, Pavol; Strunz, Pavel
Ústav jaderné fyziky, 2017

Detekce plasticity v tenkých hliníkových vrstvách pomocí bulge testu
Holzer, Jakub; Pikálek, Tomáš; Buchta, Zdeněk; Lazar, Josef; Tinoco, H.A.; Chlupová, Alice; Náhlík, Luboš; Sobota, Jaroslav; Fořt, Tomáš; Kruml, Tomáš
2017 - English
The Bulge test proved to be a useful tool for measuring elastic properties of thin films and\nfree standing membranes, particularly Young’s modulus and residual stress. The basic principle\nof bulge test is application of differential pressure on one side of the a membrane, measurement of\nthe shape of bulged surface as a function of pressure, in this case via laser interferometer, and\nevaluation of a pressure-deflection relationship. In this study, bilayer membrane consisting of a\nsilicon nitride supporting layer and an aluminium layer deposited by means of magnetron\nsputtering is subjected to the bulge test. The results clearly show signs of a non-linear behavior\nthat is caused by plastic deformation in the aluminium layer. Finite element analysis is being\ndeveloped to describe this behavior because analytical model using deflection of central point and\npressure relation falls apart in case of non-linearity. Keywords: Bulge test; thin films; mechanical test Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Detekce plasticity v tenkých hliníkových vrstvách pomocí bulge testu

The Bulge test proved to be a useful tool for measuring elastic properties of thin films and\nfree standing membranes, particularly Young’s modulus and residual stress. The basic principle\nof bulge ...

Holzer, Jakub; Pikálek, Tomáš; Buchta, Zdeněk; Lazar, Josef; Tinoco, H.A.; Chlupová, Alice; Náhlík, Luboš; Sobota, Jaroslav; Fořt, Tomáš; Kruml, Tomáš
Ústav fyziky materiálů, 2017

Flows along arch filaments observed in the GRIS `very fast spectroscopic mode'
Gonzalez Manrique, S. J.; Denker, C.; Kuckein, C.; Pastor Yabar, A.; Collados Vera, M.; Verma, M.; Balthasar, H.; Diercke, A.; Fischer, C.E.; Gömöry, P.; Bello González, N.; Schlichenmaier, R.; Cubas Armas, M.; Berkefeld, T.; Feller, A.; Hoch, S.; Hofmann, A.; Lagg, A.; Nicklas, H.; Orozco Suárez, D.; Schmidt, D.; Schmid, W.; Sigwarth, M.; Sobotka, Michal; Solanki, S.K.; Soltau, D.; Staude, J.; Strassmeier, K.G.; Volkmer, R.; von der Lühe, O.; Waldmann, T.A.
2017 - English
A new generation of solar instruments provides improved spectral, spatial, and temporal resolution, thus facilitating a better understanding of dynamic processes on the Sun. High-resolution observations often reveal multiple-component spectral line profiles, which provides information about the chromospheric velocity and magnetic fine structure. We observed an emerging flux region, including two small pores and an arch filament system, on 2015 April 17 with the "very fast spectroscopic mode" of the GREGOR Infrared Spectrograph (GRIS) situated at the 1.5-meter GREGOR solar telescope at Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain. We discuss this method of obtaining fast (one per minute) spectral scans of the solar surface and its potential to follow dynamic processes on the Sun. We demonstrate the performance of the "very fast spectroscopic mode" by tracking chromospheric high-velocity features in the arch filament system. Keywords: Sun; chromosphere; photosphere Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Flows along arch filaments observed in the GRIS `very fast spectroscopic mode'

A new generation of solar instruments provides improved spectral, spatial, and temporal resolution, thus facilitating a better understanding of dynamic processes on the Sun. High-resolution ...

Gonzalez Manrique, S. J.; Denker, C.; Kuckein, C.; Pastor Yabar, A.; Collados Vera, M.; Verma, M.; Balthasar, H.; Diercke, A.; Fischer, C.E.; Gömöry, P.; Bello González, N.; Schlichenmaier, R.; Cubas Armas, M.; Berkefeld, T.; Feller, A.; Hoch, S.; Hofmann, A.; Lagg, A.; Nicklas, H.; Orozco Suárez, D.; Schmidt, D.; Schmid, W.; Sigwarth, M.; Sobotka, Michal; Solanki, S.K.; Soltau, D.; Staude, J.; Strassmeier, K.G.; Volkmer, R.; von der Lühe, O.; Waldmann, T.A.
Astronomický ústav, 2017

Analysis of mini-jack technique for in situ measurement of strength
Kloiber, Michal; Tippner, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Sebera, V.; Milch, J.; Hrivnák, Jaroslav
2017 - English
The paper presents a recently developed diagnostic technique for in situ determination of modulus of deformability (MODL) and conventional strength (CSL) parallel to the grain using the mini-jack inserted in bored hole. The mini-jack compression technique simulates the standard compression test, it is compared to that to examine its prediction strength (correlation coefficients). The paper shows an influence of moisture content of wood on experimental measurements using this technique. The measurement was carried out at spruce samples at three moisture contents of 12, 18 and 24%. The results of the tests prove a very good correlation of the strength determined by the proposed technique and wood density and strength determined at universal testing machine in compression parallel to the grain. The effect of the moisture content on the measurement by the mini-jack technique was proved to be significant. Beside that, the newly-developed instrument was also studied using digital image correlation (DIC) technique to analyze induced strains around the bored hole. This was studied on halved spruce samples. The DIC revealed symmetric character of the loading and significant differences between strains induced in tangential and longitudinal directions. Keywords: non-destructive testing; mini-jack technique; wood; in-situ testing; compression strength Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Analysis of mini-jack technique for in situ measurement of strength

The paper presents a recently developed diagnostic technique for in situ determination of modulus of deformability (MODL) and conventional strength (CSL) parallel to the grain using the mini-jack ...

Kloiber, Michal; Tippner, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Sebera, V.; Milch, J.; Hrivnák, Jaroslav
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

Mechanical analysis of scarf joint fastened using cylindrical wooden dowel
Tippner, J.; Milch, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Kloiber, Michal; Brabec, M.; Sebera, V.
2017 - English
Traditional all-wooden woodworking joints play an important role in the behaviour of timber structures. These joints are also widely used when historically valuable constructions are being reconstructed and the connections are usually the masterpieces that testify to the high carpentry skills and knowledges of the overall mechanical behaviour. Within historical timber structures traditional carpentry joints were used while wooden dowel fixed mutual position of elements. Main aim of this study was to contribute to knowledge base about prediction and analysis of the mechanical performance of frequently used scarf joints made from spruce wood fastened using oak dowels. The objectives were to determine the joints' slip moduli and load-carrying capacity by means of theoretical and experimental approaches, in next to assess the mechanical behaviour of dowels through experimental investigation, and finally to perform a strain analysis of dowels. For these purposes, the optical technique employing three-dimensional full-field digital image correlation was used. The experiments were done on the full-scale specimens meeting the requirements of European standards (EN 383 and EN 26891), which were made from Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) and English oak (Quercus robur L.). The mechanical load consisted in tensile parallel and perpendicular to grain direction within the main components. The results of this study showed good correlation between theoretical approach based on based on Beam on Elastic Foundation theory and European yield model theory and experimental observations. Keywords: all-wooden joints; scarf joint; dowel; spruce; oak; digital image correlation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Mechanical analysis of scarf joint fastened using cylindrical wooden dowel

Traditional all-wooden woodworking joints play an important role in the behaviour of timber structures. These joints are also widely used when historically valuable constructions are being ...

Tippner, J.; Milch, J.; Kunecký, Jiří; Kloiber, Michal; Brabec, M.; Sebera, V.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2017

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